lobotomy

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lobotomy

 [lo-bot´ah-me]
a form of psychosurgery consisting of cutting of nerve fibers connecting a lobe of the brain with the thalamus. In most cases the affected parts are the prefrontal or frontal lobes, the areas of the brain involved with emotion; thus the operation is referred to as prefrontal or frontal lobotomy. Once fairly common as a method of controlling violent behavior, in recent decades its use has become rare because of the development of medications for treatment of severe mental illness, such as the antipsychotics that suppress violent symptoms of psychosis.

lo·bot·o·my

(lō-bot'ŏ-mē),
1. Incision into a lobe.
2. Division of one or more nerve tracts in a lobe of the cerebrum.
[G. lobos, lobe, + tomē, a cutting]

lobotomy

(lə-bŏt′ə-mē, lō-)
n. pl. loboto·mies
Surgical incision into the frontal lobe of the brain to sever one or more nerve tracts, a technique formerly used to treat certain mental disorders but now rarely performed.

lo·bot·o·my

(lō-bot'ǒ-mē)
1. Incision into a lobe.
2. Division of one or more nerve tracts in a lobe of the cerebrum.
[G. lobos, lobe, + tomē, a cutting]
References in periodicals archive ?
Others spoke of chemical lobotomies, following Moniz with alcohol injections, but later turning to Novocaine.
Despite Freeman's warnings, doctors performed lobotomies on various types of patients, with, naturally, mixed results.
Some 4,500 people underwent lobotomies in the country from 1944 to 1963, according to reports in the Swedish media, which are the latest to show a dark side to the country's widely admired medical and social services network.
After years of failing to find any anatomical differences in dead human brains that could pinpoint the physical causes of madness he knew must exist, Freeman became the Johnny Appleseed of lobotomies in the 1940s.
In the finest documentary tradition, "Monkeys Like Becky," Joaquin Jorda and Nuria Villazan's multiple-award-winning and memorably oddball exploration of the life and work of the medical man who briefly made lobotomies hip, takes an unpromising and daring subject and makes it entirely captivating.
Lobotomies. Antisex ads featuring the singers young people love, like--oh, I dunno--Zamfir?
Possibly during the past 60 years in mental institutions, surgeons have been performing frontal lobotomies and leucotomies on patients.
Last night, patients' watchdogs slammed the Scottish Executive for its plan to allow lobotomies for patients too ill to decide themselves.
(See "Lobotomies, Socialist and Capitalist," page 77.)
"We have to understand," she explained, "that there are differences between capitalist lobotomies and socialist lobotomies."
Rand is at her libertarian best in such moments--opposing military conscription for sure, but also defending the rights of criminals against "liberal humanitarians" who advocated state-enforced "psychiatric therapy" that would subject prisoners to "psychological" and "physical mutilations...electric shock therapy, prefrontal lobotomies, and anything else that neurologists might discover."