liver acinus


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Related to liver acinus: portal lobule

acinus

 [as´ĭ-nus] (pl. a´cini) (L.)
any of the smallest lobules of a compound gland.
liver acinus the smallest functional unit of the liver, a mass of liver parenchyma that is supplied by terminal branches of the portal vein and hepatic artery and drained by a terminal branch of the bile duct.
 Liver acinus: Hepatic lobules are represented by hexagons (solid lines); liver acinus is represented by rhombus (dotted line). From Dorland's, 2000.
pulmonary acinus terminal respiratory unit.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

liv·er ac·i·nus

a functional unit of the liver, comprising all liver parenchyma supplied by a terminal branch of the portal vein and hepatic artery; typically involves segments of two lobules lying between two terminal hepatic venules.
Synonym(s): Rappaport acinus
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

liv·er ac·i·nus

(liv'ĕr as'i-nŭs)
The smallest functional unit of the liver, comprising all of the liver parenchyma supplied by a terminal branch of the portal vein and hepatic artery.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
In the control and experimental groups, PXR protein expression was distinct in zone 3 of the liver acinus, in the cytoplasm, and in some cases in the nuclei of hepatocytes localized around the central veins (Figure 8).
Complementary distribution of carbamoylphosphate synthetase (ammonia) and glutamine synthetase in rat liver acinus is regulated at a pretranslational level.
(1973) and were explained by the fact that hepatocytes in zone I of liver acinus are able to synthesize glycogen very actively than other zones as they obtained an excellent supply of nutrients and oxygen (Cardell, 1977 and Cormack, 1987).