littoral

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Related to littorals: littoral zone, riverine

littoral

/lit·to·ral/ (lit´ah-r'l) pertaining to the shore of a large body of water.

littoral

pertaining to the shore.
References in periodicals archive ?
The convergence of multiple interests, and the realization of the importance of cooperation among the littoral states and user states to manage the Straits, has led them to cooperate on various bilateral, multilateral and international initiatives.
Despite not seeing eye-to-eye on several issues regarding their shared maritime domains, the littoral states have undertaken several initiatives to boost maritime cooperation in the Straits of Malacca.
The watershed event that triggered interstate cooperation in the Straits was the adoption of the Joint Statement adopted by the littoral states on 16 November 1971.
The establishment of a Cooperative Mechanism at a meeting of the littoral states in Kuala Lumpur in September 2006 marked another important milestone in the fostering of cooperative efforts among both littoral and user states to enhance safety, security and environmental protection in the Straits.
Burden Sharing in the Straits: The Views of the Littoral States
24) Although this provision guarantees the right of international users to traverse the Straits, the burden of maintaining and securing the waterway has largely been shouldered by the littoral states.
At the forefront of nations which have been generous in helping the littoral states is Japan which has extended both technical and financial assistance to maintain the Straits.
31) China contributes to the Aids to Navigation Fund set up by the littoral states and has indicated a willingness to provide capacity-building support for Hazardous and Noxious Substances (HNS) preparedness and response in the Straits.
More importantly, it has extended financial assistance to the littoral states to improve maritime domain awareness capabilities in the Straits including the provision of five coastal radar surveillance stations situated along the Indonesia side of the Strait (and seven in the Makassar Strait and Celebes Sea).
It should be stressed that while the littoral states welcome assistance from the international community, they are only prepared to accept help which is unconditional and which does not impinge on their sovereign rights.
In the context of MCMs in the Straits of Malacca, they are given by user states and users of the Straits--such as the shipping industry and non-governmental organizations--to the littoral states to enhance their ability to manage and maintain the busy sea lane.
Various MCMs have been undertaken in the Straits which have contributed significantly to the abilities of the littoral states to enhance navigational safety and environmental protection.