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Related to lithotriptor: litholapaxy, lithotripter, Laser lithotripsy, PCNL


A device used to crush or fragment a calculus in lithotripsy.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


, lithotriptor (lith'o-trip?ter) [ litho- + Gr. trip(sis), rubbing]
A device for breaking up kidney stones. Synonym: lithotrite

electrohydraulic lithotripter

An intracorporeal lithotripter. It is a fluid-filled device that uses electrically generated shock waves next to stones to fragment them.

laser lithotripter

A lithotripter that fragments stones by applying photothermal energy. An endoscope is inserted through the urethra into the bladder, ureter, or renal pelvis and is placed alongside the stone. Application of a laser causes the stone to break apart.

percutaneous ultrasonic lithotripter

A lithotripter that uses ultrasound to break up kidney stones and gallstones. The sound waves are applied to the outside of the body and penetrate to the calculi.
See: extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Orthopedic lithotriptors are adaptations of machines used to pulverize kidney stones.
The first lithotriptor, the Dornier [HM.sub.3], was used on patients in 1981.
Large or impacted stones may be fragmented by methods of intracorporeal lithotripsy using a pulsed dye laser or electrohydraulic lithotriptor.
A new lithotriptor cofunded by the Paralyzed Veterans of America (PVA) and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has been dedicated at the James A.
For example, the lithotriptor at one Ontario hospital is used to treat almost ten times the number of patients as at a typical California hospital.
The lithotriptor was approved for widespread clinical use in the United States by the Food and Drug Administration in December 1984, at which time six experimental sites had lithotriptors (Bloom et al., 1989).
With a sound-wave-emitting lithotriptor machine that disrupts kidney stones, researchers at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles caused "mini-explosions' of the calcium and clotting proteins found in plaque along vessel segments excised for the experiments.
Cranidis, "Experience with the Dornier lithotriptor MPL 9000-X for the treatment of vesical lithiasis," International Urology and Nephrology, vol.
Cystolithopaxy may be performed with a 600 micron laser fibre or with a pneumatic or ultrasonic lithotriptor depending on stone burden (Fig.
Out of 225 patients, cannulation failed in 4 cases due to duodenal stenosis and 154 ( 70 % ) out of 221 cases of CBD stones mandated endoscopic treatment with balloon trail, basket extraction, placement of plastic biliary stent temporarily or use of mechanical lithotriptor. Duct clearance was achieved in 67 % cases.