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Related to lithium: lithium carbonate


 (Li) [lith´e-um]
a chemical element, atomic number 3, atomic weight 6.939. (See Appendix 6.)
lithium carbonate a psychotropic drug used to treat acute manic attacks in bipolar disorder and, when given on a maintenance basis, to prevent the recurrence of manic-depressive episodes. The desired serum levels are in the range 0.5–1.5 mEq/L. Life-threatening central nervous system effects and kidney damage occur at levels above 3.0 mEq/L. It is very important that the levels be carefully controlled. Lithium should not be given to patients with severe renal or cardiovascular disease or taken with diuretics because the potential for toxicity is very high. It is suspected of causing birth defects and should not be used during pregnancy.
lithium citrate the citrate salt of lithium, having the same actions and uses as the carbonate salt.

lith·i·um (Li),

An element of the alkali metal group, atomic no. 3, atomic wt. 6.941. Many of its salts have clinical applications.
[Mod. L. fr. G. lithos, a stone]


/lith·i·um/ (Li) (lith´e-um) a chemical element, at. no. 3. Its salts, especially l. carbonate and l. citrate, are used to treat and prevent manic states in bipolar disorder.

lithium (Li)

Etymology: Gk, lithos, stone
a silver-white alkali metal occurring in various compounds such as petalite and spodumene. Its atomic number is 3; its atomic mass is 6.94. Lithium is the lightest known metal and one of the most reactive elements. Traces of lithium ion occur in animal tissue, and it abounds in many alkaline mineral spring waters. Its salts are used in the treatment of manias, but the mechanisms by which these compounds help to stabilize psychological moods are not understood. Lithium carbonate is a salt commonly used for psychiatric purposes in the United States. It has been effective in the prevention of recurrent attacks of manic-depressive illnesses and has helped correct sleep disorders in manic patients, apparently by suppressing the rapid eye movement phases of sleep. Therapeutic concentrations of lithium have no observable psychotropic effects on normal individuals. In manic patients, lithium salts also produce high-voltage slow waves in the electroencephalograph, often with superimposed beta waves. An important feature of the lithium ion is its relatively small gradient of distribution across biological membranes. Patients suffering severe manic attacks are hospitalized so that they can receive proper medical maintenance. Treatments start with large doses of antipsychotic drugs, which are followed by the gradual and safe introduction of lithium therapy. Ideally lithium treatment is prescribed only for patients with normal sodium intake and normal heart and kidney function.


An element of the alkali metal group, atomic no. 3, atomic wt. 6.941. Many salts have clinical applications.
[Mod. L. fr. G. lithos, a stone]


An element, the lightest known solid, used as the citrate or carbonate for the control of MANIC DEPRESSIVE states. Lithium is also used as the succinate in ointments for the treatment of seborrhoeic dermatitis and in shampoos for the control of dandruff. The drug is on the WHO official list. Brand names are Camcolit, Li-liquid, Liskonum, Litarex and Priadel. A preparation for external use is Efalith.

Lithium (Lithane, Lithromate)

A drug used to treat manic depression (bipolar disorder) that can be transmitted in breast milk.


n a metal/element (Li) used in the treatment of bipolar disorders and sometimes used in the treatment of herpes.


a chemical element, atomic number 3, atomic weight 6.939, symbol Li. See Table 6.

lithium carbonate
used in the treatment of canine cyclic hematopoiesis to stabilize numbers of neutrophils.

Patient discussion about lithium

Q. side effects of lithium

A. too many for this space :)
here is a link to

Q. What happens if I stop taking the lithium? The lithium do me bad. If I stop- everything will be o.k?

A. I know what you think- I’ll stop it and I’ll be back to normal life, the hypomania, work all the time, doing friends, getting things worked out. But it won’t happen. You’ll just find yourself at best sitting at home for months without cleaning, bathing and all that. at worse- well…scattered all over..

Q. I am completely clueless. Why this sudden change. I am on lithium but now I am going better with it? For the past 10 years my sleep is reduced to just 4-5 hours a day (night sleep). Suddenly I sleep for over 10 hours every night. I am completely clueless. Why this sudden change. I am on lithium but now I am going better with it?

A. It’s actually the side effect of these medications, which makes you sleep more and is good ----because getting the right amount of sleep is crucial to control mania. A close relative of mine took Seroquil and felt completely tired. Later we found that she is improving with less or no tiredness. Now she doesn’t feel much tired. She is on seroquil now but at reduced doses. You are also on your medications and it might be working for you as well, as it worked for my friend. So sleep more and just get well!

More discussions about lithium
References in periodicals archive ?
com/) was Lithium's partner in the refreshed lithium.
WLC also said it is planning to produce up to 26,000 tonnes annually of lithium carbonate equivalent which would fulfill lithium demand for between 500,000 to more than 1 million electric cars.
Galaxy is also advancing plans to develop the Sal de Vida (70%) lithium and potash brine project in Argentina situated in the lithium triangle (where Chile, Argentina and Bolivia meet) which is currently the source of 60% of global lithium production.
Galaxy to acquire all Lithium One shares via a Plan of Arrangement
About 4 hours before admission, the patient took an intentional overdose of 16 g of an extended-release lithium carbonate formulation.
Given that lithium ion capacitors will have potential to be deployed in hybrid vehicles and replace automobile lead batteries, as well as find applications in consumer devices and industrial equipment, Nihon Micro Coating will work on the manufacturing of capacitor cells and the commercially producing lithium ion capacitors.
As it happens, a lithium -- manganese compound makes an admirable substitute, but, as McBreen explains, it's not that simple.
Besides the cobalt, which is recovered as cobalt carbon cake, iron and other metals are also recycled from the used lithium ion cells.
The lithium copper pieces come cleaned and polished, which removes the surface oxides that often can cause defects in fine-detailed castings.
The NEC Versa DayLite and Versa UltraLite notebooks combine two new key technologies -- lithium polymer batteries which provide very long battery life and reflective LCDs, which allow notebooks to be used in direct sunlight.
Some companies use only the chemical name, that is, lithium carbonate or lithium citrate.
Global demand for lithium carbonate reached 135 kilotons in 2011, a YoY rise of 33.