lithium


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Related to lithium: lithium carbonate

lithium

 (Li) [lith´e-um]
a chemical element, atomic number 3, atomic weight 6.939. (See Appendix 6.)
lithium carbonate a psychotropic drug used to treat acute manic attacks in bipolar disorder and, when given on a maintenance basis, to prevent the recurrence of manic-depressive episodes. The desired serum levels are in the range 0.5–1.5 mEq/L. Life-threatening central nervous system effects and kidney damage occur at levels above 3.0 mEq/L. It is very important that the levels be carefully controlled. Lithium should not be given to patients with severe renal or cardiovascular disease or taken with diuretics because the potential for toxicity is very high. It is suspected of causing birth defects and should not be used during pregnancy.
lithium citrate the citrate salt of lithium, having the same actions and uses as the carbonate salt.

lith·i·um (Li),

(lith'ē-ŭm),
An element of the alkali metal group, atomic no. 3, atomic wt. 6.941. Many of its salts have clinical applications.
[Mod. L. fr. G. lithos, a stone]

lith·i·um

(lith'ē-ŭm)
An element of the alkali metal group, atomic no. 3, atomic wt. 6.941. Many salts have clinical applications.
[Mod. L. fr. G. lithos, a stone]

lithium

An element, the lightest known solid, used as the citrate or carbonate for the control of MANIC DEPRESSIVE states. Lithium is also used as the succinate in ointments for the treatment of seborrhoeic dermatitis and in shampoos for the control of dandruff. The drug is on the WHO official list. Brand names are Camcolit, Li-liquid, Liskonum, Litarex and Priadel. A preparation for external use is Efalith.

Lithium (Lithane, Lithromate)

A drug used to treat manic depression (bipolar disorder) that can be transmitted in breast milk.

Patient discussion about lithium

Q. side effects of lithium

A. too many for this space :)
here is a link to drugs.com-
http://www.drugs.com/sfx/lithium-side-effects.html

Q. What happens if I stop taking the lithium? The lithium do me bad. If I stop- everything will be o.k?

A. I know what you think- I’ll stop it and I’ll be back to normal life, the hypomania, work all the time, doing friends, getting things worked out. But it won’t happen. You’ll just find yourself at best sitting at home for months without cleaning, bathing and all that. at worse- well…scattered all over..

Q. I am completely clueless. Why this sudden change. I am on lithium but now I am going better with it? For the past 10 years my sleep is reduced to just 4-5 hours a day (night sleep). Suddenly I sleep for over 10 hours every night. I am completely clueless. Why this sudden change. I am on lithium but now I am going better with it?

A. It’s actually the side effect of these medications, which makes you sleep more and is good ----because getting the right amount of sleep is crucial to control mania. A close relative of mine took Seroquil and felt completely tired. Later we found that she is improving with less or no tiredness. Now she doesn’t feel much tired. She is on seroquil now but at reduced doses. You are also on your medications and it might be working for you as well, as it worked for my friend. So sleep more and just get well!

More discussions about lithium
References in periodicals archive ?
The Global Lithium Market demand stood at USD 3.62 billion in 2018 and is projected to exhibit a CAGR of over 10.6% during the forecast period, owing to the increasing application of lithium-ion batteries in electric vehicles, portable consumer electronic equipment, and grid management across the globe.
Chris Evans, MD of Mali Lithium, commented: 'China Minmetals is a Chinese government - owned US$470 billion company with considerable research, funding, offtake, engineering and construction capability.
"Meanwhile, analysts including the Australian government forecaster, Benchmark Mineral Intelligence and Wood Mackenzie are all pointing to a looming supply deficit for lithium by the early to mid-2020s, while automakers continue to ramp up planned electric vehicle output.
"We expect by-products to represent a significant - and unique - opportunity for Piedmont, and I would note that in our Scoping Study dated September 12, 2018 the by-product credits effectively reduced our cash production costs of lithium hydroxide by more than US$750/t, and we expect a similar impact in our study update due next week."
After careful history both psychiatric and medical (to rule out concomitant use of other drugs like NSAIDs, diuretics and/or other mood stabilizers which might affect serum lithium levels) and medical and psychiatric evaluation (to rule out thyroid and/or renal conditions) one hundred patients of Bipolar Affective Disorder were selected from OPD using convenience (non probability) sampling technique.
According to another lead researcher, Rodrigo Salvatierra,Eephysical contact with lithium metal reduces the nanotube film and goes on to balances it by adding lithium ions.
This way, medications that reduce the glomerular filtration rate (like NSAIDs and hypertension drugs that interfere with the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system) or that stimulate lithium reabsorption (like NSAIDs and most diuretics) can contribute to lithium levels above the therapeutic window (0,5-1 mmol/L or 0,4-1,5 mmol/L, admitting an extreme interval) (1,2,5,7-11,13).
In terms of consumption, the global lithium bromide market is mainly dominated by the Asia Pacific region.
"Argentina can become one of the top largest lithium producers in the world in five years time, with 120,000 to 140,000 mt/y.
The ban, which took effect last April 1, was adopted by ICAO's 36-nation governing council on an interim basis until new packaging standards for lithium batteries are developed, said news reports quoting ICAO president Olumuyiwa Benard Aliu.
Results: The cytosolic fraction GSH level was decreased significantly (pless than 0.001) which was 3.739 uM (72.66%) by lowest used concentration of lithium citrate while the drop in GSH by other used concentrations of lithium citrate was 3.624 uM (70.42%), 3.567 uM (69.32%), 3.484 uM (67.70%), 3.420 uM (66.46) and 3.338 uM (64.87%) respectively.