lithium (Li) [lith´e-um]
a chemical element, atomic number 3, atomic weight 6.939. (See Appendix 6.)
a psychotropic drug used to treat acute manic attacks in bipolar disorder
and, when given on a maintenance basis, to prevent the recurrence of manic-depressive episodes. The desired serum levels are in the range 0.5–1.5 mEq/L. Life-threatening central nervous system effects and kidney damage occur at levels above 3.0 mEq/L. It is very important that the levels be carefully controlled. Lithium should not be given to patients with severe renal or cardiovascular disease or taken with diuretics because the potential for toxicity is very high. It is suspected of causing birth defects and should not be used during pregnancy.
salt of lithium, having the same actions and uses as the carbonate
lith·i·um (Li), (lith'ē-ŭm),
An element of the alkali metal group, atomic no. 3, atomic wt. 6.941. Many of its salts have clinical applications.
[Mod. L. fr. G. lithos, a stone]
lithium /lith·i·um/ (Li) (lith´e-um) a chemical element, at. no. 3. Its salts, especially l. carbonate and l. citrate, are used to treat and prevent manic states in bipolar disorder.
Etymology: Gk, lithos, stone
a silver-white alkali metal occurring in various compounds such as petalite and spodumene. Its atomic number is 3; its atomic mass is 6.94. Lithium is the lightest known metal and one of the most reactive elements. Traces of lithium ion occur in animal tissue, and it abounds in many alkaline mineral spring waters. Its salts are used in the treatment of manias, but the mechanisms by which these compounds help to stabilize psychological moods are not understood. Lithium carbonate is a salt commonly used for psychiatric purposes in the United States. It has been effective in the prevention of recurrent attacks of manic-depressive illnesses and has helped correct sleep disorders in manic patients, apparently by suppressing the rapid eye movement phases of sleep. Therapeutic concentrations of lithium have no observable psychotropic effects on normal individuals. In manic patients, lithium salts also produce high-voltage slow waves in the electroencephalograph, often with superimposed beta waves. An important feature of the lithium ion is its relatively small gradient of distribution across biological membranes. Patients suffering severe manic attacks are hospitalized so that they can receive proper medical maintenance. Treatments start with large doses of antipsychotic drugs, which are followed by the gradual and safe introduction of lithium therapy. Ideally lithium treatment is prescribed only for patients with normal sodium intake and normal heart and kidney function.
An element of the alkali metal group, atomic no. 3, atomic wt. 6.941. Many salts have clinical applications.
[Mod. L. fr. G. lithos, a stone]
lithium An element, the lightest known solid, used as the citrate or carbonate for the control of MANIC DEPRESSIVE states. Lithium is also used as the succinate in ointments for the treatment of seborrhoeic dermatitis and in shampoos for the control of dandruff. The drug is on the WHO official list. Brand names are Camcolit, Li-liquid, Liskonum, Litarex and Priadel. A preparation for external use is Efalith.
Lithium (Lithane, Lithromate)
A drug used to treat manic depression (bipolar disorder) that can be transmitted in breast milk.
n a metal/element (Li) used in the treatment of bipolar disorders and sometimes used in the treatment of herpes.
a chemical element, atomic number 3, atomic weight 6.939, symbol Li. See Table 6.
used in the treatment of canine cyclic hematopoiesis to stabilize numbers of neutrophils.
Patient discussion about lithium
Q. side effects of lithium
A. too many for this space :)
here is a link to drugs.com-
Q. What happens if I stop taking the lithium? The lithium do me bad. If I stop- everything will be o.k?
A. I know what you think- I’ll stop it and I’ll be back to normal life, the hypomania, work all the time, doing friends, getting things worked out. But it won’t happen. You’ll just find yourself at best sitting at home for months without cleaning, bathing and all that. at worse- well…scattered all over..
Q. I am completely clueless. Why this sudden change. I am on lithium but now I am going better with it? For the past 10 years my sleep is reduced to just 4-5 hours a day (night sleep). Suddenly I sleep for over 10 hours every night. I am completely clueless. Why this sudden change. I am on lithium but now I am going better with it?
A. It’s actually the side effect of these medications, which makes you sleep more and is good ----because getting the right amount of sleep is crucial to control mania. A close relative of mine took Seroquil and felt completely tired. Later we found that she is improving with less or no tiredness. Now she doesn’t feel much tired. She is on seroquil now but at reduced doses. You are also on your medications and it might be working for you as well, as it worked for my friend. So sleep more and just get well!More discussions about lithium