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Baron Joseph (1827–1912). Founder of modern antiseptic surgery. Born at Upton, Essex, England, Lister set out in a scientific manner to apply Pasteur's discoveries to the prevention of the development of microorganisms in wounds. His research was on the early stages of inflammation and blood coagulation, and in 1865 he successfully used carbolic acid in the treatment of an open fracture. Next he turned his attention to the arrest of hemorrhage in aseptic wounds, which led him to adopt a sulfochromic catgut for tying arteries, a material capable of more speedy absorption than silk or flax, which had long been employed. He wrote articles on amputation and anesthetics. Lister was created a baronet in 1883 and raised to the peerage in 1893, but perhaps the greatest memorial to him is the Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine in London.


Joseph (Lord Lister), English surgeon, 1827-1912. See: Listerella, Listeria, listerism, Lister dressing, Lister method, Lister tubercle.

Lister, Joseph

Etymology: Scottish surgeon, 1827-1912
the surgeon who introduced the use of antiseptic surgery in London hospitals in 1867. Lister operations were performed under a spray of diluted carbolic acid, instruments were dipped in carbolic acid, and wounds were dressed with gauze similarly treated.
References in periodicals archive ?
With more than 50 outlets across the country, Listers is worth almost PS200 million and employs 1,700 people.
Collectors realise that with 500 man hours going into the body alone the new Lister is already an instant classic and a millimetre-precise facsimile of the real thing.
LOCAL CONNECTIONS: Celebrating the dealership's new look are (left to right: Glen Hook, of Listers Volkswagen Coventry, Julie White from D-Drill, and Martin Gallagher, managing director of Deeleys Construction
The occasion was particularly sweet for retired Michael Lister who founded the successful retail chain.
Damian Skendrovic, Regional Director for NTT Europe Online, said "NTT Europe Online shares the same customer-focused values as Listers Group and we've developed a reputation for helping dynamic brands grow their online business with managed hosting as the backbone.
Terry Lister and Keith Bradshaw began in business with a single dealership and body shop in Coventry
Listers runs an extensive portfolio of awardwinning franchises, including BMW, Land Rover, Jaguar, SEAT, Audi, Honda, Toyota, Lexus, Mercedes and Volkswagen.
It is in the top ten of VW commercial van centres in the country and Mr Lister said: "We are continuing to expand the business.
A 10,000sq ft office complex, Othello House, on the Stratford Business and Technology Park, will form the headquarters for more than 30 Lister dealer franchises.
It will be home to Listers team of senior management and directors, as well as core business functions including training, marketing, finance and administration.
Warren Depledge, current dealer principal of Listers Chrysler and Jeep of Lincoln and Boston, will be in overall charge of the new dealership.
LONG-SERVICE AWARD: Paul Willis (right), director of Volkswagen UK, presents the specially commissioned watercolour print to Listers Group director Terry Lister.