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Baron Joseph (1827–1912). Founder of modern antiseptic surgery. Born at Upton, Essex, England, Lister set out in a scientific manner to apply Pasteur's discoveries to the prevention of the development of microorganisms in wounds. His research was on the early stages of inflammation and blood coagulation, and in 1865 he successfully used carbolic acid in the treatment of an open fracture. Next he turned his attention to the arrest of hemorrhage in aseptic wounds, which led him to adopt a sulfochromic catgut for tying arteries, a material capable of more speedy absorption than silk or flax, which had long been employed. He wrote articles on amputation and anesthetics. Lister was created a baronet in 1883 and raised to the peerage in 1893, but perhaps the greatest memorial to him is the Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine in London.


Joseph (Lord Lister), English surgeon, 1827-1912. See: Listerella, Listeria, listerism, Lister dressing, Lister method, Lister tubercle.

Lister, Joseph

Etymology: Scottish surgeon, 1827-1912
the surgeon who introduced the use of antiseptic surgery in London hospitals in 1867. Lister operations were performed under a spray of diluted carbolic acid, instruments were dipped in carbolic acid, and wounds were dressed with gauze similarly treated.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Listers Group includes Coventry Trade Parts Ltd and Falcon of Hull and Lincolnshire Ltd which runs an insurance and consumer credit operation.
For a start, the Lister CS is cheaper to run than a chain saw, and I feel that being stationary, it is safer and nicer to use than a chain saw.
LOCAL CONNECTIONS: Celebrating the dealership's new look are (left to right: Glen Hook, of Listers Volkswagen Coventry, Julie White from D-Drill, and Martin Gallagher, managing director of Deeleys Construction
The occasion was particularly sweet for retired Michael Lister who founded the successful retail chain.
Listers is proudly independent, so while the big dealer groups slug it out to deliver shareholder value, Listers - as an independent family company - can rise above it all.
LONG-SERVICE AWARD: Paul Willis (right), director of Volkswagen UK, presents the specially commissioned watercolour print to Listers Group director Terry Lister.
Listers also acquired Land Rover and Seat dealerships in Droitwich.
A company spokesman said: "Through the re-investment of profits, Listers Group now stands as the 30th largest motor group in the UK, and is the largest privately-owned motor group in the Midlands.
Frank McCarney, chairman of the George Eliot Hospital NHS Trust, said: "I must praise the management at Listers for their commitment to the hospital over the past year.
Listers, which already has several dealerships in the city and Warwickshire, has taken over the territory previously occupied by Kings Warwick.
Innes England sourced Othello House on the Stratford Business and Technology Park as the new base for the Listers Group.
MOTOR retailer Listers Group has chosen a state-of-the-art business complex in Stratford as the new base for its rapidly-growing empire.