liquid diet

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Related to liquid diet: full liquid diet


1. the customary amount and kind of food and drink taken by a person from day to day.
2. more narrowly, a regimen of food intake planned to meet specific requirements of the individual, including or excluding certain foods. See also nutrition.
acid-ash diet a special diet prescribed to increase the acidity of the urine so that alkaline salts will remain in solution. The diet may be given to aid in the elimination of fluid in certain kinds of edema, in the treatment of some types of urinary tract infection, and to inhibit the formation of alkaline urinary calculi. Meat, fish, eggs, and cereals are emphasized, with little fruit and vegetables and no milk or cheese.
alkali-ash diet a therapeutic diet prescribed to increase the alkalinity of the urine and dissolve uric acid and cystine urinary calculi. This type of diet changes the urinary pH so that certain salts are kept in solution and excreted in the urine. Emphasis is placed on fruits, vegetables, and milk. Meat, eggs, bread, and cereals are restricted.
bland diet one that is free from any irritating or stimulating foods.
DASH diet (Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension) a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products; low in saturated and total fats; low in cholesterol; and high in fiber. Research studies support the hypothesis that this diet reduces blood pressure and may play a role in prevention of high blood pressure.
elemental diet one consisting of a well-balanced, residue-free mixture of all essential and nonessential amino acids combined with simple sugars, electrolytes, trace elements, and vitamins.
elimination diet one for diagnosis of food allergy, based on omission of foods that might cause symptoms in the patient.
Feingold diet a controversial diet for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, which excludes artificial colorings and flavorings, preservatives, and salicylates. The national institutes of health consensus statement, Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, notes that exclusion diets like this are an area warranting additional research.
gluten-free diet see gluten-free diet.
high calorie diet one that furnishes more calories than needed to maintain weight, often more than 3500–4000 calories per day.
high fat diet one that furnishes more than 35 per cent of its total calories from fats; see also ketogenic diet.
high fiber diet one high in dietary fiber (typically more than 24 g daily), which decreases bowel transit time and relieves constipation.
high protein diet one containing large amounts of protein, consisting largely of meats, fish, milk, legumes, and nuts.
ketogenic diet one that produces ketones or acetones, or mild acidosis, such as one that is low in calories with insufficient carbohydrate and protein; it is occasionally used in the treatment of epilepsy. See also low fat diet.
liquid diet see liquid diet.
low calorie diet one containing fewer calories than needed to maintain weight, e.g., less than 1200 calories per day for an adult.
low fat diet one containing limited amounts of fat.
low fiber diet low residue diet.
low purine diet one for mitigation of gout, omitting meat, fowl, and fish and substituting milk, eggs, cheese, and vegetable protein.
low residue diet one with a minimum of cellulose and fiber and restriction of connective tissue found in certain cuts of meat. It is prescribed for irritations of the intestinal tract, after surgery of the large intestine, in partial intestinal obstruction, or when limited bowel movements are desirable, as in colostomy patients. Called also low fiber diet and minimal residue diet.
low tyramine diet a special diet required by patients receiving MAO inhibitors. Foods containing tyramine include aged cheeses, red wine, beer, cream, chocolate, and yeast.
minimal residue diet low residue diet.
protein-sparing diet one consisting only of liquid protein or liquid mixtures of proteins, vitamins, and minerals, containing no more than 600 calories; it is designed to maintain a favorable nitrogen balance. Such diets have been used in weight loss programs, but are used only rarely now, usually only in inpatient settings.
purine-free diet low purine diet.
vegan diet the diet of a vegan; see also veganism.
vegetarian diet see vegetarian diet.


1. a substance that flows readily in its natural state.
2. flowing readily; neither solid nor gaseous.
liquid diet a diet limited to the intake of liquids or foods that can be changed to a liquid state; it may be restricted to clear liquids or it may be a full liquid diet.
Clear Liquid Diet. This is a temporary diet of clear liquids without residue. It is not nutritionally adequate, and is used in some acute illnesses and infections, postoperatively (especially after gastrointestinal surgery), and to reduce fecal matter in the colon. Foods allowed include water, tea, coffee, fat-free broth, carbonated beverages, synthetic fruit juices, plain gelatin, and sugar.
Full Liquid Diet. This diet can be nutritionally adequate with careful planning. It is used for acute gastritis, as a transition between clear liquid and soft diet, and in conditions in which there is intolerance to solid food. Milk, strained soups, and fruit juices are allowed. Foods that liquefy at body temperature, such as ice cream, flavored gelatin, and soft custards, can be included. Cereal gruels and eggnogs are allowed. When a full liquid diet is used as a tube feeding it must be of a consistency that will allow easy passage through the tube. Most full liquid diets are given in feedings every 2 to 4 hours.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

liquid diet

A very low-calorie (circa 1000 kcal/day) diet that fulfils the daily fluid requirements and places little functional demand on the gastrointestinal tract; liquid diets have little fibre and do not provide enough protein.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

liquid diet

Clinical nutrition A very low-calorie diet that fulfils the daily fluid requirements and places little functional demand on the GI tract; LDs have little fiber and do not provide adequate protein or calories–circa 1000 kcal/day. See Bland diet, Diet.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Patient discussion about liquid diet

Q. I need some liquid diet program to reduce my weight. This is Goodday of 23 years old. I need some liquid diet program to reduce my weight.

A. Hi I’m following a liquid diet program by drinking a protein shake 3 to 4 times a day along with 3 small meals. Initially start by taking protein shake every 3 hours for a total of 4 shakes with no other foods. Do it for some time and not all days. If you follow this diet for 3 days/week then you can lose 1 pound each week on this program.

Q. I am planning to have a liquid diet to reduce my weight and to get shape. Is liquid or solid diet a nutritious and best diet? I am planning to have a liquid diet to reduce my weight and to get shape.

A. It’s a debatable issue to be frank. Liquid diet are emphasized to suite the calorie requirements for the dieters. General researches have shown that both give the same amount of nutrition. But one cannot survive with the liquid diet. You can have sold diet also that is less in fat content to meet your calorie requirement. Liquid diets are blunt to taste. But from the level of nutrition, no such differences are found. Irrespective of liquid or solid diet, one must watch out the calorie requirements to suit him/her.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Our experiments were carried out during the light phase of the light-dark cycle, ~7 h afterlights had been turned on, and 12 h after removal of the liquid diet. This time does not represent the real time when mice stopped to consume ethanol solutions.
Protein Sulfhydryl and Protein Carbonyl Content in Uterine Horn from Rats Receiving an Alcohol Containing Liquid Diet. The protein carbonyl content of uterine horn from animals receiving the alcohol containing liquid diet for 28 days was not significantly increased when compared to values obtained from samples derived from the control group.
Diet Test A (Ethanol Low) Total calories consumed 126.34 [+ or -] 10.37 Calories derived from protein 99.14 [+ or -] 10.13 Calories derived from alcohol or carbohydrate 27.20 [+ or -] 1.08 % calories from liquid diet 21.72 [+ or -] 1.83 % calories from solid diet 78.28 [+ or -] 1.83 Diet Control A (isocaloric) Total calories consumed 125.58 [+ or -] 10.18 Calories derived from protein 98.69 [+ or -] 9.92 Calories derived from alcohol or carbohydrate 26.88 [+ or -] 1.08 % calories from liquid diet 21.54 [+ or -] 1.81 % calories from solid diet 78.46 [+ or -] 1.81 Table 2--Mean and standard deviation of diet analysis values (kcal/day) for the test and control groups associated with high caloric values.
Treatment involves bed rest and a liquid diet to relieve the bowel, and antibiotics to deal with the infection--plus medication to relieve pain and bowel cramps, if necessary.
A liquid diet means fat-free bouillon or broth, Jell-O[R], strained fruit juice, water, plain coffee, plain tea, or diet soda.
Staff at the Barton House Nursing Home in Cannock looked on in horror as Barbara Ann Davies force fed "Mr B", who was on a liquid diet, with his unwanted meal, the Nurses Conduct Committee in London was told.
Although he once lost more than 500 pounds on a liquid diet, Hudson eventually gained all the weight back.
Reed shed 30 pounds in just six months on a medically supervised liquid diet. Meshach Taylor, who co-stars on another sitcom, Designing Women, is proud of the fact that he shed 35 stubborn pounds in less than three months by eating less and exercising more.
Part of the NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme (NHS DPP) will see up to 5,000 patients prescribed a liquid diet of just over 800 calories a day for three months.
"The post-cleansing BBPS score is meaningfully higher than results generally seen with standard liquid diet plus purgative-based bowel prep regimens," Motus says.