Wallace, "Precursor product relationship between amphibian vitellogenin and the yolk proteins, lipovitellin
and phosvitin," Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
The primary constituents of blue crab yolk are lipovitellin and lipid droplets.
Also, in Emerita, lipids from lipovitellin and droplets are hydrolyzed by lipases (Subramoniam 1991).
Embryo lipoproteins and yolk lipovitellin
consumption during embryogenesis in Macrobrachium borellii (Crustacea: Palaemonidae).
N-Terminal domain of apolipoprotein B has structural homology to lipovitellin
and microsomal triglyceride transfer protein: a "lipid pocket" model for self-assembly of apoB-containing lipoprotein particles.
Boisynthesis of lipovitellin
by the crustacean ovary: II.
(1986) suggest that carotenoids are transported from the muscles to the gonads by a carotenoid-carrying lipoprotein called vitellogenin (a female-specific serum lipoprotein produced by the liver) during spawning migration, and accumulate in egg yolk (where they bind to lipovitellin
Until they emerge from egg sacs, embryos are nutritionally dependent on lipids and lipovitellin
stored within the eggs.
. Isolation and characterization of the major high-density lipoprotein from the eggs of decapods.
Incorporation of lipovitellins
from labeled femalespecific proteins into vitellogenic oocytes is characteristic in decapod crustaceans (Adiyodi & Subramoniam, 1983).
Sequence analysis also shows that part of mammalian apoB is homologous to the lipovitellins
, one of the major lipid transporting proteins of birds for egg yolk lipid deposition (Baker, 1998; Jolivet et al., 2006).
Two forms of vitellogenin, yielding two distinct lipovitellins
, play different roles during oocyte maturation and early development of barfin flounder, Verasper moseri, a marine teleost that spawns pelagic eggs.