with a cocktail of phosphatidylcholine and deoxycholate: an Indian experience.
Temperatures could induce various interventions of plant enzymes and microbes in FA lipolysis
, which resulted in different dynamics of change in FA profile in alfalfa silage during ensiling.
This is strictly related to TG synthesis reduction and lipolysis
stimulation (Figure 4(a)).
The difference in the intensity decay of the peaks could be explained by the fact that the casein hydrolysis (proteolysis), lipid hydrolysis (lipolysis
), and lactose fermentation processes are dependent on the milk composition, the fabrication process, pH, salt content, water activity, storage temperature, and specially, the type of yeast present in the cheese [8, 11, 30].
The expression of ATGL and HSL, genes that are related to lipolysis
, was significantly increased in the PYC-treated groups compared with that in the HCD group.
This blood analysis is one of today's standard methods for monitoring lipolysis
The FFA response was the outcome of catecholamine induced lipolysis
. Caffeine has been shown to increase sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity, liberating fatty acids from the adipose and/or intramuscular stores5.
FGF21 transgenic mice showed a promotion of adipose tissue lipolysis
and upregulated lipase expression in WAT .
Several studies have emphasized the role of interleukins (ILs) in the physiology of adipose cells: ILs increase lipolysis
and modify body fat distribution and production of extracellular matrix by adipose tissue [6-8].
Among these pathways, we focused on the regulation of lipolysis
and sex hormone-related pathways (estrogen signaling pathway, progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, oxytocin signaling pathway, and GnRH signaling pathway).
As a result, less invasive or noninvasive alternatives such as cryolipolysis [2, 3], radiofrequency ablation [4, 5], laser therapies , injection lipolysis
, and ultrasound lipolysis
[8, 9] have been gaining more attention due to their moderate efficacy, fewer complications, and ease of use.
Additionally, unlike other SCFAs, butyrate has also been shown to stimulate lipolysis
in adipocytes (Berndt et al., 2012).