lipoid pneumonia


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lip·id pneu·mo·ni·a

, lipoid pneumonia
pulmonary condition marked by inflammatory and fibrotic changes in the lungs due to the inhalation of various oily or fatty substances, particularly liquid petrolatum, or resulting from accumulation in the lungs of endogenous lipid material, either cholesterol from obstructive pneumonitis or following fracture of a bone; phagocytes containing lipid are usually present.
Synonym(s): oil pneumonia

lipoid pneumonia

Golden pneumonia A pneumonitis caused by exogenous oils that percolate into the lung after intranasal instillation of mineral oil, oral ingestion of cod liver, castor or other oils, or due to a congenital defect in oropharyngeal diaphragm–eg, cleft palate or intense gag reflex. See Mineral oil. Cf Aspiration pneumonia.

lip·id pneu·mo·ni·a

, lipoid pneumonia (lip'id nū-mō'nē-ă, lip'oyd)
Pulmonary condition marked by inflammatory and fibrotic changes in the lungs due to the inhalation of various oily or fatty substances, particularly liquid petrolatum, or resulting from accumulation in the lungs of endogenous lipid material, either cholesterol from obstructive pneumonitis or following fracture of a bone; phagocytes containing lipid are usually present.
References in periodicals archive ?
Erasmus, "Lipoid pneumonia: spectrum of clinical and radiologic manifestations," American Journal of Roentgenology, vol.
Hui, "Endogenous lipoid pneumonia associated with legionella pneumophila serogroup 1," Singapore Medical Journal, vol.
Gorospe Sarasua, "Exogenous lipoid pneumonia in laryngectomy patients: radiological findings," Archivos de Bronconeumologia, vol.
An acute form of lipoid pneumonia or fire eater's lung," Thorax, vol.
Guleria, "'diesel siphoner's lung': exogenous lipoid pneumonia following hydrocarbon aspiration," Lung India, vol.
Kao, "Exogenous lipoid pneumonia: serial chest plain roentgenography and high-resolution computerized tomography findings," Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, vol.
Vergier et al., "Exogenous lipoid pneumonia: HRCT, MR, and pathologic findings," European Radiology, vol.
Hochhegger, "Exogenous lipoid pneumonia. Clinical and radiological manifestations," Respiratory Medicine, vol.
Pulmonary infections with rapidly growing mycobacteria in the setting of swallowing disorders and/or lipoid pneumonia are most commonly due to Mycobacterium fortuitum.
Infection of the lungs by `saprophytic' mycobacteria in achalasia of the cardia, with report of a fatal case showing lipoid pneumonia due to milk.
"Pseudobranching," or overlapping of bacilli, may be present.[2] When present in lipoid pneumonias, the organisms may be found within clear vacuoles corresponding to lipid droplets.