lipocalin


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lipocalin

Any of a ubiquitous (found in plants, gram-negative bacteria, invertebrates and vertebrates) superfamily of carrier proteins, which share regions of sequence homology and a common tertiary structure: an eight-stranded, antiparallel, symmetrical beta-barrel fold (in essence, a beta sheet rolled into a cylinder enclosing an internal ligand binding site). Lipocalins transport small hydrophobic molecules (e.g., steroids, bilins, retinoids and lipids) and are associated with various biological processes, including immune response, pheromone transport, prostaglandin synthesis, retinoid binding and cancer cell interactions.

Human lipocalins
Alpha-1-microglobulin, alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (orosomucoid), aphrodisin, apolipoprotein D, beta-lactoglobulin, complement component C8 gamma chain, epididymal-retinoic acid binding protein, human pregnancy-associated endometrial alpha-2 globulin, probasin (a prostatic protein), prostaglandin D synthase.
References in periodicals archive ?
Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL) and Kidney Injury Molecule 1 (KIM1) in patients with diabetic nephropathy: A cross-sectional study and the effects of lisinopril.
NGAL, a member of the lipocalin family, is secreted from kidney proximal tubuli after ischemic damage.
Urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin is associated with heavy metal exposure in welding workers.
The urine levels of the glomerular and tubular injury biomarkers such as podocalyxin, nephrin, podocin, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) were measured by ELISA methods.
The blood urea nitrogen, blood creatinine level and serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels were measured 4 hours after reperfusion in Dokuz Eylul University Medical Faculty Hospital Biochemistry Laboratory.
Neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a highly predictive biomarker of AKI (22).
However, there was no significant difference in the changes of plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) (a highly sensitive biomarker of AKI) levels between RIPC and control groups.
Human neutrophil lipocalin (HNL), originating from the neutrophils, has been shown to be useful in sepsis, but, so far, the number of relevant studies is limited.
This winning combination significantly outperformed neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, activated partial thromboplastin time, and resistin, both individually and in various combinations, for the vital task of making a rapid distinction between infectious and noninfectious causes of pediatric systemic inflammatory response syndrome, reported Enitan D.
(7) Lipocalin-2 (LCN2) located on the 9th chromosome cytogenetic band 9q43.11 is associated with lipocalin (NGAL) and is known as the neutrophil gelatinase (8) on the 9th chromosome cytogenetic band 9q43.11.
Several novel biomarkers have shown promising results in predicting AKI after cardiac procedures: neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), which is involved in the innate immune system and allows earlier detection of AKI than SCr; kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), a type-1 transmembrane protein; and interleukin-18 (IL-18), a proinflammatory cytokine that plays a role in both the innate and acquired immune response.
BioPorto A/S (CPH: BIOPOR), an in-vitro diagnostics company, announced on Friday that it has entered into a global distribution agreement with Roche (VTX:ROG), under which BioPorto will deliver a neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) test for use on Roche's cobas c 501/c 502 analysers.