Fatty acid Formula Structure Wt.% Palmitate [C.sub.17][H.sub.34][O.sub.2] 17:0 14.90 Stearate [C.sub.19][H.sub.38][O.sub.2] 19:0 2.50 Oleate [C.sub.19][H.sub.36][O.sub.2] 19:1 30.00 Linoleate
[C.sub.19][H.sub.34][O.sub.2] 19:2 50.93 [c] SAE International (*) Remaining are the mono-, di-, triglycerides and FFA.
Index Component Time (min) Area 1 methyl palmitate 6.602 114674.15 2 methyl stearate 7.498 26422.05 3 methyl oleate 7.682 238930.49 4 methyl linoleate
7.886 542520.93 5 methyl linolenate 8.220 111001.33 Index Component Concentration ([micro]g.[L.sup.-1]) 1 methyl palmitate 72.8 2 methyl stearate 12.9 3 methyl oleate 107.2 4 methyl linoleate
233.4 5 methyl linolenate 46.4 Table 3: Transesterification reaction of soybean oil using different niobium based catalysts.
In comparison, enzymes in concern with fatty acid modification and oil accumulation encountered the most significant regulation, with oleate desaturase (FAD2), linoleate
desaturase (FAD3), oleateD12-hydroxylase (FAH12, only expressed in Jatropha) and D12 fatty acid conjugase (FADX, only expressed in Vernicia) identified for this category.
The LOX-3 reaction was performed in a 200mM phosphate buffer (pH 6.6) containing 10mM Na linoleate
, [beta]-carotene and acetone.
In the current study, no significant differences (p>0.05) in composition of fatty acids (caprate, laurate, myristate, pentadecanoate, palmitate, palmitoleate, margarate, cis-11 heptadodecanoate, stearate, oleate, trans-vaccenate, linoleate
, cis-11 eicosenoate, docosa hexaenoic acid, and docosa pentaenoic acid) were observed.
In a comparative study, sinapic acid was compared with [alpha]-tocopherol and ferulic acid on the formation of hydroperoxides, and results showed that sinapic acid acts more efficiently to suppress the hydroperoxide formation by preventing the lipid oxidation in bulk methyl linoleate
Reactivity studies of the Fe-bispidon were tested on model substances like ethyl linoleate
(EL), where a similar reactivity relative to Co carboxylate was observed.
(1988) found that salinity stress led to decreased oleic acid content in a high oleate safflower cultivar while the fatty acid composition of high linoleate
safflower was unaltered.
Some individuals recommend summing 7 meconium FAEE (ethyl linolenate, palmitoleate, arachidonate, linoleate
, palmitate, oleate, and stearate) and using a [greater than or equal to]2-nmol/g cutoff for heavy PAE (9, 10), whereas others sum fewer FAEE (11, 21).
The primary thermal oxidation product of ethyl linoleate
," Journal of the Chemical Society, no.
The pentacyclic triterpene such as glycyrrhizin, [beta]-amyrin, erythrodiol, oleanolic acid, alphitolic acid, corosolic acid, asiatic acid, lupeol and lupeol linoleate
were possessed pronounced anti-inflammatory activities (Geetha and Varalakshmi, 2001; Safayhi and Sailer, 1997; Aguirre et al., 2006).
Five ester compounds, namely methyl oleate, methyl linoleate
, isopropyl myristate, methyl octadecanoate and methyl hexadecanoate except above a repellent response was found against all the three bedbug stages (Table 5).