linitis plastica


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linitis

 [lĭ-ni´tis]
inflammation of gastric cellular tissue.
linitis plas´tica diffuse fibrous proliferation of the submucous connective tissue of the stomach, resulting in thickening and fibrosis so that the organ is constricted, inelastic, and rigid (like a leather bottle). Called also leather bottle stomach.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

li·ni·tis plas·ti·ca

originally believed to be an inflammatory condition, but now recognized to be due to infiltrating scirrhous carcinoma causing extensive thickening of the wall of the stomach; often called leather-bottle stomach.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

linitis plastica

A descriptive term of waning popularity that refers to the appearance of certain hollow organs in which there is a rigidly thickened wall, which classically occurs in signet ring cell adenocarcinoma of the stomach.
 
Imaging
Upper GI series demonstrates neither ulcer nor mass, but a fixed, non-distensible stomach, absent folds and narrowed lumen, likened to the Spanish leather wineskin, la bota. Linitis plastica may rarely occur in other hollow epithelial cell-lined organs (e.g., colon or bladder).
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

li·ni·tis plas·ti·ca

(li-nī'tis plas'ti-kă)
Infiltrating scirrhous carcinoma, causing extensive thickening of the wall of the stomach; often called leather-bottle stomach.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Brinton,

William, English physician, 1823-1867.
Brinton disease - infiltrating scirrhous carcinoma causing extensive thickening of stomach wall. Synonym(s): leather-bottle stomach; linitis plastica
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The management of metastatic linitis plastica of the stomach is totally different from that of primary gastric carcinoma.
Three of the total gastrectomy specimens of poorly-differentiated adenocarcinoma showed diffuse thickening of the gastric wall producing linitis plastica (Fig.
In summary, this patient was originally diagnosed with a transmural poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma of the stomach, described as linitis plastica, with spread to a lymph node and with both surgical margins positive.
No previous reports on the lipoid cell variant of UC have reported a linitis plastica tumour morphology.[sup.2]-[sup.4] The two previous cases of RLP secondary to UC with reported pathology showed conventional UC in 1 patient and papillary variant UC containing a component of adenocarcinoma in the other.[sup.8] Thus, there does not appear to be a specific UC subtype that is predisposed to presenting as linitis plastica.
Infiltrative conditions, such as linitis plastica may result from this type, and histologic examination may reveal signet ring cells and no gland formation.
Some specific radiological findings and consideration of linitis plastica of the gastrointestinal tract.
This feature resembles the linitis plastica type effect due to the mucinous tumour.
Pathologic Diagnosis: Linitis Plastica Secondary to Metastatic Breast Carcinoma
Diffusely infiltrating tumors can cause gastric rigidity, resulting in linitis plastica shown by limited distension after administration of oral contrast.
While diagnosis of a well-defined lesion is relatively straightforward with a conventional biopsy, diagnosis of a diffuse-type gastric cancer (i.e., linitis plastica) can be challenging.