An acute upper respiratory tract infestation by the sheep liver fluke, Linguatula serrata, that occurs in Lebanon and Syria, due to ingestion of raw or improperly cooked goat and sheep liver containing viable 3rd stage larvae, which colonise the oropharynx, causing deafness by blocking the eustachian tube, episodic sneezing and coughing, haemoptysis, dysphagia, dysphonia, dyspnoea, and possibly death by closure of nasopharynx
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Linguatulosis is one of the neglected parasitic zoonoses.
Linguatulosis caused by Linguatula serrata (Pentastomida: Linguatulidae) which is entitled "tong-worm" is a cosmopolitan, zoonotic infection (Sadeghi-Dehkordi et al., 2014; Yazdani et al., 2014).
(14) Although ocular linguatulosis is rare in Central Europe, it has been described in the Americas, southern Europe, and Israel.
In the Austrian case of ocular linguatulosis, the pupil was not constricted pharmacologically prior to worm extraction, and the larval tongue worm escaped to the posterior chamber where its removal from a recess in the ciliary body required lens removal and vitrectomy.
This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence and public health implications of Linguatulosis in client-owned dogs in Jalingo, North Eastern Nigeria.
Linguatulosis is a rare zoonotic parasitic disease resulting from invasion of the body by wormlike parasites of the genus Linguatula, also known as tongue worms [1].
Two of the other 5 ocular linguatulosis case-patients mentioned earlier had a recent history of ocular trauma but whether trauma was related to infection remains unknown.