Indeed, identifying a threshold concept is problematic due to the very ambiguity of the liminal state
. "Because of the transformative nature of threshold concepts, we may feel that we've always known something or looked at the world in that way.
The airplane, the letters, the tied box and the shoes refer to the journey; the open scissors representing the break from homeland and the beginning of the liminal state
. The binoculars point to distant horizons, the crayons to the creative act; and, in a depressing manner, the doll and the teddy bear have been moved to a pot and the dismantled doll falls - face down - on the table.
As an African child I grew up respecting these cultural practices and their attendant liminal state
, knowing they involved not only individuals, but contained the secrets of the community.
(5) In this liminal state
, it was also thought she should not breastfeed, though this latter prohibition was not always observed.
She argues that while David is transformed from a simple shepherd to a glorious monarch and while Gilgamesh progresses from glory-seeking superman to wise and responsible ruler, each inhabits a liminal state
, marked by the flouting of conventional sexual roles.
John McGavin's study of theatricality and narrative in early Scotland seeks to cast some light on the liminal state
that such records occupy.
In nursing, Forss, Tishelman, Widmark, and Sachs (2004) use liminality to describe women receiving abnormal Pap smear results that "can be seen as an unintentional transition from routine confirmation of health to ambivalence, or a liminal state
, as the women expected to have health confirmed but instead neither health nor disease was confirmed or excluded" (p.
Companies like Konami have recognised the world-building and liminal nature of its games and how children can be brought into hero transformations in the liminal state
. The liminal state
in the modern world is not a defined period as it is in traditional societies, with a transition to a particular status or role.
This separation prepares the novice to enter the liminal state
. According to Turner (1974), in the liminal state
the novice feels ambiguous, "neither here nor there, betwixt and between the positions assigned and arrayed by law, custom, convention, and ceremonial" (p.
She includes her own ambivalence both to the process and her presence at it while maintaining a deep sense of respect for those in the liminal state
between life and death.
(7) Stevens's figurative initiation into the liminal state
is indexed by his "betwixt and between" sense "of unease mixed with exhilaration" which will also become intermittently coloured with a "tranquil mood" (p.
Arnold van Gennep, the first one to coin the phrase "rites of passage," also introduced the notion of "liminality." (31) The Latin, limen, means, literally, "threshold." Thus, those in a liminal state
are "on the threshold" between one existence and another.