life-sustaining intervention

life-sustaining intervention

Any method, medicine, or device used to prolong life. Whether, when, and how to use life-sustaining treatments are difficult topics that require careful consideration by patients, their surrogates, and health care professionals.
See: advance directive; living will
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, ECMO is mostly used on pediatric patients and adults with cardiac and respiratory failure, it being the sole life-sustaining intervention in such critical situations.
Almost uniformly, hospital deaths are preceded by a decision to forego some form of life-sustaining intervention.
The American Thoracic Society (15) seems to have embraced such a conclusion, declaring that treatment should be considered futile 'if reasoning and experience indicate that the intervention would be highly unlikely to result in a meaningful survival for the patient', and asserts that a 'health care institution has the right to limit a life-sustaining intervention without consent'.
According to deBlois, most of the ethical dilemmas that arise in health care settings involve end-of-life issues like whether to begin or withhold life-sustaining intervention, such as use of mechanical ventilators, or questions about donation of organs for transplant.
Should patients and their families have access to any life-sustaining intervention they choose?
Differences of opinions about whether life-sustaining intervention or comfort care is best for a patient; -- Concerns by family or staff about whether aggressive treatments benefit the patient; or -- Confusion or disagreement among family members over who should be the decision maker when a patient is incapacitated.
Every competent patient has the right to refuse medical intervention, including life-sustaining interventions," wrote Dr Lazarus.
Decisions related to the initiation, continuation, and termination of life-sustaining interventions rely heavily on outcome predictions, which are of uncertain reliability at best (Oberle & Hughes, 2001).
After the decision to admit a patient to the ICU, life-sustaining interventions are begun.
UNICEF also leads the nutrition, water, education and child protection clusters to ensure life-saving and life-sustaining interventions are well-coordinated, gaps are addressed, resources are maximized, and strategic information shared.
But a decision to permit compelled treatment would also present problems, particularly if the suicide attempt created an ongoing need for life-sustaining interventions.
Lactate presently serves as the best-available single clinical measurement of the severity of the oxygen deficit reflecting failure of adequate substrate delivery; it is widely used to guide life-sustaining interventions in emergency and critical-care settings, specifically in diagnosing and estimating the severity of low-flow circulatory shock states.