libido theory

li·bi·do the·o·ry

Freud's theory that a person's psychic life results mainly from instinctual or libidinal needs and the attempts to satisfy them.
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Whether or not you buy into the red wine boosts libido theory, Valentine's Day is the perfect excuse to try it out.
Seelow's essential point is that "all of these phases work as part of a complex integrated whole expressing the vision that body and soul are one." For Reich, the libido theory remains the central fact for psychoanalysis, and with Freud's publication of his own revised notions embodied in The Ego and the Id in 1923, Reich henceforth openly regards Freud as an unwise apostate concerning the core significance of libido theory.
Adler seceded from him because he rejected the Freudian libido theory, uniquely based on infantile sexuality, He was impressed by the teachings of the then popular philosopher Nietzsche, who idolised the 'will to power' (Wille zur Macht) theory.
When a theoretically charged position is cited in the reading of Sarrasine (Freud's essay 'Libido Theory and Narcissism'), the justification seems to be that Balzac's doubles 'correspond' to Freud's account of the origins of homosexuality in the narcissistic stage of individual development.
And libido theory would indeed predict his unwillingness to give up such an immediate fulfillment of his needs--which might be described either as "a satisfaction he had once enjoyed" or as "the narcissistic perfection of his childhood."
In libido theory proper, the term denotes the experienced fulfillment of instinctual need; when the theory is applied to primary narcissism, however, the term denotes a favorable value judgment.(41) By eliding the gap between these senses, Freud gives libido theory the semblance of explaining why a child would begin life with a favorable self-assessment, whose loss to external criticism would then oblige him to project an ego ideal.
But the goal of the sexual instinct, according to libido theory, is either relief from sexual tension or an object sought as a source of that relief.
And then, and most important, once Freud figured out war neurosis he was out from under his major peacetime embarrassment, the seemingly contradictory evidence which his opponents claimed traumatic neurosis supplied against the libido theory. It was at this point that everything inside and out was opened up to psychoanalysis.
How could the sexual aetiology or libido theory of neurosis hold up when the shock or shot of catastrophe was enough, in more or less real time, to produce neurotic symptoms.
The theory of the sexual aetiology of the neuroses, or, as we prefer to say, the libido theory of the neuroses, was originally put forward only in relation to the transference neuroses of peace-time and is easy to demonstrate in their case by the use of the technique of analysis.
It only became possible to extend the libido theory to the narcissistic neuroses after the concept of a 'narcissistic libido' had been put forward and applied--a concept, that is, of an amount of sexual energy attached to the ego itself and finding satisfaction in the ego just as satisfaction is usually found only in objects.