left over, in statutory interpretation and in other fields where lexical
simple and definitive take on lexical ordering for now.
This short SOA may also provide a picture of early stages in lexical processing.
The prime words had a lower lexical printed frequency than the target.
The lexical decision task was adapted from Oliveira (2014).
The criteria for the classification of these quasi-word subtypes have been supported in the literature on cognitive models of reading, since errors in the reading of irregular words indicate difficulties in, or the absence of lexical processing (Ellis & Young, 1988).
This means that the production of lexical bundles in an L2 writing process may also be different from that which can be identified in the translation process.
There have only been a few studies conducted on lexical bundles that focused on literary texts and fewer still in the field of translation.
Jarvis and Pavlenko (2008) identify nine categories of linguistic transfer: phonological, orthographic, lexical
, semantic, morphological, syntactic, discursive, pragmatic, and socio-linguistic.
The term "lexical
bundle" was coined in The Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English edited by Biber, Johansson, Leech, Conrad, and Finegan (1999), when the authors took an inductive approach to identifying and analyzing corpus-driven outcomes of recurring continuous word sequences.
However, studies carried out from the 1990s onwards have focused on the lexical
acquisition processes of English learners coming from different language backgrounds (e.g.
A promising method for better understanding L2 lexical
proficiency lies in the use of natural language processing (NLP, Meurers, 2013) tools, such as the Tool for the Automatic Analysis of Lexical
Sophistication (Kyle & Crossley, 2015), Coh-Metrix (Graesser, McNamara, Louwerse, & Cai, 2004) and AntWordProfiler (Anthony, 2014).