leukonychia


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leukonychia

 [loo″ko-nik´e-ah]
abnormal whiteness of the nails, either total or in spots or streaks.

leu·ko·nych·i·a

(lū'kō-nik'ē-ă),
The occurrence of smooth-surfaced white spots or patches under the nails, of unknown cause; the decoloration may be total or in the form of lines (striate or transverse leukonychia) or dots (punctate leukonychia).
[leuko- + G. onyx (onych-), nail]

leukonychia

/leu·ko·nych·ia/ (-nik´e-ah) abnormal whiteness of the nails, either total or in spots or streaks.

leukonychia

[lo̅o̅′kōnik′ē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, leukos + onyx, nail
a benign condition in which white patches appear under the nails. Trauma, infection, and many disorders can cause white spots or streaks on nails. Also spelled leuconychia.
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Leukonychia

leu·ko·nych·i·a

(lū'kō-nik'ē-ă)
The occurrence of white spots, streaks, or patches underthe nails, due to the presence of air bubbles between the nail and its bed.
Synonym(s): leuconychia.
[leuko- + G. onyx (onych-), nail]

leukonychia

; leuconychia white lines (striae), flecks (punctata) or involving entire superficial nail plate (totalis) due to trauma-related altered nail plate refraction (e.g. short shoes; sporting activities) or eponychial disturbance (e.g. excess manicuring); diffuse whitening of all nail plates and Muerke's lines are associated with hepatic cirrhosis; transverse white bands affecting all nails may reflect systemic retinoid therapy or course of chemotherapy

leukonychia

loss of pigmentation in a nail, claw or hoof.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nail discolouration was the most notable nail change in our study, with leukonychia being more common than hyperpigmentation.
Key Words: Idiopathic acquired leukonychia; leukonychia totalis; leukonychia partialisINTRODUCTION
True leukonychia may be classified on the basis of white blotches known as leukonychia punctata, leukonychia striata, leukonychia partialis, leukonychia totalis2 (Table 1).
On examination, true leukonychia totalis of the finger nails and true leukonychia partialis of toe nails was seen (Figure 1 a and b).
A case of idiopathic leukonychia totalis and partialis.
31) Other nail features in AA are trachyonychia, Beaus lines, onychorhexis, thinning or thickening, onychomadesis, koilonychia, punctuate or transverse leukonychia and red spotted lunula.
Others like longitudinal ridges in 5 patients, leukonychia and lusterless nails in 3 patients each.
Others like longitudinal ridges in 5 patient, leukonychia and lusterless nails in 3 patients each.
Other nail changes observed are leukonychia, koilonychia, subungual hyperkeratosis, onycholysis, Mees' lines, Muehrcke's lines, Beau's lines and splinter hemorrhages.
Salem et al (13) in his study showed that among nail changes: onychomycosis was the most common finding seen in 18% cases followed by in descending order, longitudinal striations, brittle nails, clubbing of nails, dystrophic nails, leukonychia and longitudinal melanonychia.
Nail changes observed in this study included leukonychia, onychomycosis, dystrophic nails, half & half nails & melanonychia, Paronychia, clubbing, mee's lines and beau's lines.
The most common nail change was Leukonychia (23%), followed by Onychomycosis (8%).