leukomalacia

leukomalacia

(lū-kō-mă-lā'sha),
Disorder involving softening of brain white matter.
References in periodicals archive ?
The incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), and IVH grades were similar in study groups (Table-1).
She said a doctor initially told her little could be done about their condition, known as periventricular leukomalacia, which led to cerebral palsy.
Large cups in normal-sized optic discs: a variant of optic nerve hypoplasia in children with periventricular leukomalacia.
Ben was born with several problems including periventricular leukomalacia which means that the white matter in his brain has not formed at birth.
2], IV treatments IV fluid, LMWH fluid, LMWH, hydrocortisone, furosemide, Pheniramine, Pethidine, Promethazine Neurological Leukomalacia Good Good Outcome Reference 3 1 5 Features Case 4 Case 5 Case 6 Age 50-year-old 5-day-old 17-year-old Gender Male Male Female Substance Enteral Feeds Breast Milk Cow's Milk Amount 100 mL 10 mL 5 mL of Substance Complete Leukocytosis Leukocytosis, Leukocytosis Blood Count thrombocytopenia Blood Culture Klebsiella spp Group , Negative Streptococcus Staphylococcus Epidermidis Substance Klebsiella spp Group Negative Culture G Streptococcus, Anaerobes Vital Signs Sp[O.
In the hypoxia-ischemia-induced periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) rat model,[sup][1] hypophosphorylation of CRMP2 at Thr514 was observed after 48 h post-HI in the PVL brain.
Cranial MRI revealed periventricular leukomalacia in 1 patient (4.
The causes of spastic CP include periventricular leukomalacia, cerebral dysplasia, hypoxia and intrapartum asphyxia, intracranial hemorrhage, and multiple other factors [1].
Periventricular-intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) and white matter injury (WMI), particularly cystic periventricular leukomalacia (cPVL), are major contributors to mortality and long-term morbidity in preterm infants.
Meanwhile, the child underwent a transfontanellar US scan that showed increased echogenicity of the subcortical white matter and extensive cystic periventricular leukomalacia, well-known findings interpreted as sequelae of HIE.
The etiology is multifactorial and includes hypoxic ischemic brain injury, periventricular leukomalacia or intraventricular and/or parenchymal hemorrhage that occurs in the first year of life1.
Children with high neurological risk have more than two risk factors in medical history, with clinical risk factors such as the syndrome of irritation, apathy, spasticity or dystonia, clearly abnormal general movements, premature infants with cystic periventricular leukomalacia, full-term infants with subcortical leukomalacia, infants with intraventricular hemorrhage stage IV and complicated stage III, or infants with perinatal infarction.