A modified version of Ragheb's (1980) leisure participation
involvement scale (LPI) was utilized in order to measure the frequency of the participants' leisure participation
in the following activity categories: (a) outdoor activities, such as hiking, fishing and/or biking; (b) physical activities, such as exercise, sports and/ or other physical activities; (c) hobbies and indoor activities, such as painting, playing an instrument and/or reading; (d) cultural activities and entertainment, such as watching TV, attending movies, concerts and/or ballet, and/or visiting a museum; (e) home-centered and social activities, such as socializing with friends, eating out, traveling and/or family time; and (f) civic activities, such as community service or volunteering at community organizations.
Perceived significance of factors influencing leisure participation
by gender: Implications for Turkey.
Discrimination was a major challenge to recreation and leisure participation
for 11% of the responses.
This textbook explores the foundation, theories, history, scope, and evolution of leisure, recreation, sports, tourism, and parks in American culture, viewing leisure participation
from the perspectives of motivation, age, race, gender, and ethnicity, as well as societal and personal benefits.
Leisure despite constraint: The impact of leisure constraints on leisure participation
Our second goal is to explore whether time in paid and unpaid work has gender-specific effects on leisure participation
for professional women and men.
Later studies suggested that situational inhibitors do not necessarily restrict or inhibit leisure participation
(Kay & Jackson, 1991).
Ragheb and Griffith (1982) define leisure participation
as the frequency with which one engages in a particular leisure activity.
Opportunities:Sport Cardiff works to increase leisure participation
at grass-roots level and to provide accessible opportunities for the people of Cardiff to take part in sport.
Individuals with low freedom may experience a lack of satisfaction in leisure participation
and rely on others to provide a satisfying experience.
This assumption, she avers, ignores important differences among different ranks in the working class and the reality that lack of time and money severely restricted the leisure participation
of working-class women.
The awards form part of the programme of Cardiff Council's Sport Development Team whose brief is to increase leisure participation
at grassroots, and to provide opportunities for sports people to progress to their chosen level.