ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 188-2015, Legionellosis
: Risk Managementfor Building Water Systems, is available from the ASHRAE Bookstore (http://tinyurl.com/legionellosis), or it can be read for free online via this page, www.ashrae.
Two cases of legionellosis
were reported in Korea in 2001, and less than 10 cases were reported between 2002 and 2005.
By the time the legionellosis
was reported for public health investigation, the delivery tub had been drained, disinfected, and placed in storage before being swabbed by the midwifery center.
([section]) The category of illness reported by [greater than or equal to]50% of ill respondents; all legionellosis
outbreaks were categorized as ARI.
The New York City (NYC) Health Code requires providers and laboratories to report all cases of legionellosis
in city residents to the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH); these reports include positive results for Legionella in cultures, urine antigen tests, direct fluorescent antibody stains, and serologic testing.
pneumophila sg 1 predominated as the causal Legionella strain for laboratory-diagnosed cases of legionellosis
in 2008 and 2009 at 27.6% and 32.0%, respectively (Public Health Surveillance, 2008, 2009) (Table 3); additionally, 5.2% and 9.0% of legionellosis
cases were due to L.
ASHRAE Guideline 12-2000, Minimizing the Risk of Legionellosis
Associated with Building Water Systems, states that, in surveys of spas, Legionella has been found only when disinfectant levels were not maintained adequately.
Few cases of neonatal legionellosis
have been reported in the literature (3-3).
Thirty-three cases of legionellosis
have been described in patients receiving infliximab, adalimumab, or etanercept for rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, psoriasis, or other inflammatory conditions (3-5).
NNDSS data for 2000-2009 were used to describe legionellosis
case demographics, assess seasonal patterns of legionellosis
infection, and, using denominators from the 2000 U.S.
pneumophila SG 11 cannot be detected by Legionella urinary antigen or serologic tests, the assays most frequently used to diagnose legionellosis