learned nonuse

learned nonuse

Behavior sometimes observed in patients with hemiparesis in whom functional use of the paralyzed arm is avoided after unsuccessful attempts to use it. This phenomenon may represent a special application of learned helplessness.
References in periodicals archive ?
Two areas of research, fear conditioning and learned nonuse theory, provided substantive findings addressing these criteria.
Learned nonuse research addresses how damage to neural structure, the passage of time, and environmental context can affect behavior.
Through multiple elegant and innovative experimental demonstrations, the absence of purposeful behavior following unilateral deafferentation was attributed to postsurgical learned nonuse [20,24-28].
In some cases, the CIMT achieved voluntary purposeful behavior consistent with presurgical limb function, providing further support for Taub's hypothesis of learned nonuse.
The demonstration of time- and context-dependent learned nonuse is critical to Taub's research.
The evolution of scientific research for fear conditioning and learned nonuse illustrates the benefit of and need for increased elucidation of the complex effect(s) of time- and context-dependent variables on all behavior [1-3,7].
Learned nonuse provides specific illustration that surgically induced sensory neurological damage did not predict recovery of behavior.
Our hypothesis was that a hypnotic procedure would help overcome learned nonuse, which is thought to contribute to impaired motor function of the paretic upper limb in chronic stroke patients.
However, studies on conditioned suppression of movement, known as learned nonuse (involving the paretic limb), led to the development of constraint-induced movement therapy (CI therapy).
There is, however, no formal way of assessing whether an individual has learned nonuse (Miltner et al, 1999).
Forced use of hemiplegic upper extremities to reverse the effect of learned nonuse among chronic stroke and head-injured patients.
Implications of the learned nonuse formulation for measuring rehabilitation outcomes: Lessons from Constraint-Induced Movement therapy.