Below is a working example for a specific country, Ethiopia, which has no recent BLL data available and in which leaded gasoline
was phased out in 2004:
establishment of the leaded gasoline
standards by EPA meant that such
Tons of lead dust were released between 1950 and 1985 in urban areas by vehicles using leaded gasoline
, and improper handling of lead-based paint also has contributed to contamination.
The phase-out of leaded gasoline
started more than three decades ago in the world's developed countries, when the extent of damage to the nervous system and vital organs of those exposed to lead became apparent.
By 1985, so many of the old cars had gone to auto heaven that the large oil companies found it unprofitable to continue distributing leaded gasoline
in addition to the unleaded variety.
Although leaded gasoline
was eliminated from automobile use in the US during the 1970s and 1980s, Congress exempted the auto-racing and airline industries in 1990.
Jamie Lincoln Kitman, New York bureau chief for Automobile Magazine, won an investigative reporting award from Investigative Reporters and Editors for his Nation article on leaded gasoline
The Ethyl Gasoline Corporation stopped the production of leaded gasoline
until scientific issues were resolved, after a government-sponsored conferen ce heard evidence about possible health effects.
In a session on Air Pollution, co-sponsored by Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), I talked briefly about health impacts of air pollution, and made the case for global phase out of leaded gasoline
The conference concluded that the damage leaded gasoline
would do to children's health and to the future intellectual and economic capacity of the region could be catastrophic.
The price of ''premium'' leaded gasoline
was raised to 1,600 rupiah (about 16.
As a result, legislation passed in the 1970s that restricted lead based paint and leaded gasoline