laxative abuse


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laxative abuse

GI tract A phenomenon often accompanied by factitious diarrhea found in ± 4% of new Pts seen by gastroenterologists and up to 20% of those evaluated in a tertiary referral center Clinical Finger clubbing, skin hyperpigmentation, colonic inflammation, steatorrhea, osteomalacia, protein-losing enteropathy, nephropathy, melanosis coli–sigmoidoscopy, ahaustral right colon–barium enema Lab ↓ K+, ↑ uric acid, kidney stones; ↓ stool osmolality–eg, < 250 mOsm/kg, ↑ stool sulfate, phosphate.

laxative abuse

The ingestion of cathartic drugs to relieve perceived constipation when none is present or to prevent the absorption of nutrients, e.g., in bulimia. Patients who consume excessive quantities of laxatives may complain of chronic diarrhea or may present with illnesses caused by electrolyte deficiencies.
See also: abuse
References in periodicals archive ?
(2) Laxative abuse has since been recognized as an unusual cause of chronic diarrhea, abdominal pain, and electrolyte and fluid imbalances.
* Concealed diuretic abuse associated or not with surreptitious vomiting and laxative abuse should be suspected in young women concerned with their body image.
Stimulant laxative abuse should also be stopped abruptly, but the consequences of long-term abuse are challenging.
A: Unfortunately, you're experiencing the all-too-common consequences from laxative abuse. Here's what you need to do.
A reliable test for laxative ingestion should be able to detect intermittent as well as daily laxative abuse. Finally, giving laxatives on a long-term basis to volunteer participants for proficiency testing would be unsafe.
Potassium is used to treat or prevent potassium deficiency caused by diuretic drugs (water pills), prolonged vomiting, diarrhea or laxative abuse. Potassium may also help reduce hypertension, particularly in people who consume too much sodium.
Indeed, she and her associates have found that laxative abuse, most common among patients with purging anorexia (72%) and combined anorexia and bulimia nervosa (59%), is associated with a significantly higher prevalence of borderline personality disorder--characterized particularly by feelings of suicidality, self-harm, emptiness, and anger, she reported.
Then to prevent the otherwise inevitable consequence of weight gain there are periods of food restriction and often vomiting, laxative abuse or excessive exercising.
The purging is most often performed in the form of self-induced vomiting, but may also take the form of laxative abuse, diuretics (water pills), excessive exercise, fasting or any combination of these methods.
I could not maintain my toothpick figure forever, so I took to laxative abuse like a nun to religion, swallowing up to 20 a day and spending my life on the toilet floor doubled over with cramps.