lathyrism


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Related to lathyrism: grass pea, Vapniarka

lathyrism

 [lath´ĭ-rizm]
a morbid condition caused by ingestion of the seeds of leguminous plants of the genus Lathyrus, which includes many kinds of peas; characteristics include spastic paraplegia, pain, hyperesthesia, and paresthesias. Chronic exposure is associated with dissecting aneurysms due to the adverse effect on collagen formation. Fatal lathyrism has been seen in rats and nonhuman primates. adj., adj lathyrit´ic.

lath·y·rism

(lath'i-rizm),
A disease occurring in Ethiopia, Algeria, and India, characterized by various nervous manifestations, tremors, spastic paraplegia, and paresthesias; prevalent in districts where vetches, khasari (Lathyrus sativus), and allied species comprise the main food. Experimentally, a form of bone disease induced in laboratory animals by feeding L. sativus peas, or a principle derived from them, especially β-aminoproprionitrile.
[L. lathyrus, vetch]

lathyrism

/lath·y·rism/ (lath´ĭ-rizm) spastic paraplegia, pain, hyperesthesia, and paresthesia due to excessive ingestion of the seeds of leguminous plants of the genus Lathyrus, which includes many kinds of peas.lathyrit´ic

lathyrism

(lăth′ə-rĭz′əm)
n.
A disease of humans and animals caused by eating legumes of the genus Lathyrus and characterized by spastic paralysis, hyperesthesia, and paresthesia.

lath·y·rism

(lath'i-rizm)
A disease that occurs in Ethiopia, Algeria, and India, characterized by various nervous manifestations, tremors, spastic paraplegia, and paresthesias; prevalent in districts where vetches, khasari (Lathyrus sativus), and allied species are the main food.
[L. lathyrus, vetch]

lathyrism

Spastic paralysis with loss of sensation in the legs caused by poisoning with vetch (Lathyrus peas). Lathyrism occurs in some parts of India.

lathyrism

a morbid condition of humans marked by spastic paraplegia, pain, hyperesthesia and paresthesia, due to ingestion of the seeds of leguminous plants of the genus Lathyrus, which includes many kinds of peas.
In animals there are reports of two basic groups of disease, neurolathyrism, including transient laryngeal paralysis in horses associated with degenerative changes in the vagus and recurrent laryngeal nerves, and osteolathyrism manifested by a variety of skeletal changes. Hepatitis, splenitis and dissecting aortic aneurysm are also recorded.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lathyrus and Lathyrism Third World Medical Research Foundation, New York.
International network for the improvement of Lathyrus sativus and the eradication of Lathyrism (INILSEL): A TWMRF initative, p.
Proceedings of the International Network for Improvement of Lathyrus sativus and the eradication of lathyrism.
In the rural villages where lathyrism tends to occur, wheelchairs aren't available and they wouldn't easily traverse the terrain.
And none too soon, lathyrism epidemiologists contend.
Fernand Lambein of the University of Ghent in Belgium and his colleagues described a new lathyrism epidemic in northwestern Ethiopia's Wello area in the July 24, 1999 LANCET.
Droughts in Bangladesh during the early 1970s triggered an even more dramatic plague of lathyrism that disabled up to 70,000 of its victims, according to neurologist Anisul Haque of the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University in Dhaka.
She therefore contends that people fall victim to lathyrism not because of ignorance so much as climate and economics.