lateral position

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Related to lateral position: lithotomy position, left lateral position


1. a bodily posture or attitude.
2. the relationship of a given point on the presenting part of the fetus to a designated point of the maternal pelvis; see accompanying table. See also presentation.
Common examination positions. From Lammon et al., 1995.
anatomical position that of the human body standing erect, palms facing forward; it is the position of reference in designating site or direction of structures of the body. The anatomical position for quadrupeds is standing with all four feet on the ground; the difference between animal and human anatomical position leads to confusion among terms indicating position and direction.
The body in the anatomical poisition, showing regions of the body. From Applegate, 2000.
batrachian position a lying position of infants in which the lower limbs are flexed, abducted, and resting on the bed on their outer aspects, resembling the legs of a frog.
Bozeman's position the knee-elbow position with straps used for support.
decubitus position that of the body lying on a horizontal surface, designated according to the aspect of the body touching the surface as dorsal decubitus (on the back), left or right lateral decubitus (on the left or right side), and ventral decubitus (on the anterior surface). In radiology, the patient is placed in either the right or left lateral decubitus position with the beam perpendicular to the long axis of the body.
dorsal recumbent position position of patient on the back, with lower limbs flexed and rotated outward; used in vaginal examination, application of obstetrical forceps, and other procedures. See illustration.
Fowler's position a position in which the head of the patient's bed is raised 30 to 90 degrees above the level, with the knees sometimes also elevated. See illustration.
Low Fowler's.
froglike position batrachian position.
knee-chest position the patient rests on the knees and chest with head is turned to one side, arms extended on the bed, and elbows flexed and resting so that they partially bear the patient's weight; the abdomen remains unsupported, though a small pillow may be placed under the chest. See illustration.
knee-elbow position the patient resting on the knees and elbows with the chest elevated.
lateral position Sims' position.
lithotomy position the patient lies on the back with the legs well separated, thighs acutely flexed on the abdomen, and legs on thighs; stirrups may be used to support the feet and legs. See illustration.
orthopneic position a position assumed to relieve orthopnea (difficulty breathing except when in an upright position); the patient assumes an upright or semivertical position by using pillows to support the head and chest, or sits upright in a chair.
prone position a position with the patient lying face down with arms bent comfortably at the elbow and padded with the armboards positioned forward.
Prone position. From Lammon et al., 1995.
reverse Trendelenburg position a supine position with the patient on a plane inclined with the head higher than the rest of the body and appropriate safety devices such as a footboard.
Rose's position one intended to prevent aspiration or swallowing of blood, as from an injured lip: the patient is supine with head hanging over the end of the table in full extension so as to enable bleeding to be over the margins of the inverted upper incisors.
semi-Fowler position a position similar to Fowler's position but with the head less elevated.
Sims position the patient lies on the left side with the left thigh slightly flexed and the right thigh acutely flexed on the abdomen; the left arm is behind the body with the body inclined forward, and the right arm is positioned according to the patient's comfort. See illustration. Called also lateral position.
Sims recumbent position a variant of the Sims position in which the patient lies on the left side in a modified left lateral position; the upper leg is flexed at hip and knees, the lower leg is straight, and the upper arm rests in a flexed position on the bed.
Trendelenburg's position the patient is on the back on a table or bed whose upper section is inclined 45 degrees so that the head is lower than the rest of the body; the adjustable lower section of the table or bed is bent so that the patient's legs and knees are flexed. There is support to keep the patient from slipping. See illustration.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

lat·er·al po·si·tion

(lat'ĕr-ăl pŏ-zish'ŭn)
The side-lying position.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

lateral position

In radiology, a side-lying position, which allows the central ray to enter the upright side.
See also: position
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Examining the literature it is seen that there have been many studies on the effect of prone position (5,7,9,10), the supine position (3,6,9,23,24), semi-fowler (6), and right and left lateral positions (3,23,24), but there have been few on the orthopnea position (4,8,24,25).
When the lateral position was adopted, the patient was asked to bend the body to facilitate increased lumbar kyphosis.
In a study conducted by Shahzad K and Afshan G titled--Induction position for spinal anaesthesia: sitting versus lateral position, they concluded that both sitting and lateral positions have similar effects on sensory and motor blockade and haemodynamic stability.
However, there is no difference in frequency of tube migration when the patient is placed in lateral position. Our results correlate with study by de Belles et al, who reported an incidence of 32% tube malpositioning and 5% critical malposition21.
Left lateral position. When patients were positioned at left lateral, ICP increased and CPP decreased after HOB elevation of 15(0) and 30(0) compared to pre positioning, whereas, ICP decreased and CPP increased after HOB elevation of 45(0).
No logical explanation for lesion location as a risk factor for CAAE can be provided based on this distribution; when the patient is in the sitting position, the lower pressure of the pulmonary veins in the upper lung field may lead to increased susceptibility to the development of CAAE, but this explanation would not be valid for patients in the supine position or lateral position, that is, during bronchoscopy.
Patients were allowed to have facedown position or have alternatively facedown or lateral position, according to the location of retinal breaks, when sitting, walking, lying down, or sleeping after the surgery.
The patient was in the lateral position. A low-frequency convex probe was vertically attached above the iliac crest (Figure 3), and a needle was inserted in the plane from the posterior edge of the convex probe through the QL in an anteromedial direction (Figure 4(a)).
"There are fewer options when positioning the patient from the supine position to the prone or lateral position," she says.
The team found that sleeping in the lateral position (on one's side) may more effectively remove brain wastes, including amyloid-beta, as compared with sleeping on the back or stomach.
5,2015 in the Journal of Neuroscience, MRI scans showed that the glymphatic system worked significantly better when animals slept in a lateral position (on their sides).

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