latent syphilis


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la·tent syph·i·lis

infection with Treponema pallidum, after the manifestations of primary and secondary syphilis have subsided (or were never noticed), before any manifestations of tertiary syphilis have appeared.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

latent syphilis

Serologically positive subclinical syphilis, which usually occurs between secondary and tertiary phases of the disease.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

la·tent syph·i·lis

(lātĕnt sifi-lis)
Infection with Treponema pallidum, after the manifestations of primary and secondary syphilis have subsided (or were never noticed), before any manifestations of tertiary syphilis have appeared.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

la·tent syph·i·lis

(lātĕnt sifi-lis)
Infection with Treponema pallidum, after manifestations of primary and secondary syphilis have subsided (or were never noticed), and before any manifestations of tertiary syphilis have appeared.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The reverse screening algorithm detected 10 cases of possible latent syphilis, though the false positive was higher.
In a study involving pregnant women with primary, secondary, or early latent syphilis, treatment with a single dose of penicillin prevented fetal infection in 98% of the cases [8].
HSV-2 IgM was positive in 2 cases of other STI cases (6.67%) including 1 case of latent syphilis of unknown duration and 1 case of condylomata acuminata and in 3 subjects of the comparison group (5.9%).
Individuals exposed to syphilis within 90 days preceding the diagnosis of primary, secondary, or early latent syphilis in their sex partners were treated.
After analysis with other treponemal and nontreponemal tests, and when evaluated together with patients' history of STD, three samples were interpreted as probable false-negative TPHA results, implying that the CIA may have been more sensitive in detecting latent syphilis than the TPHA.
Between the secondary and the tertiary syphilis (which is not mandatory) there is a period of latency, the latent syphilis being the stage of untreated disease in which there are no clinical signs or symptoms, the spinal fluid is negative and only the serological tests are reactive (a treponemal test is indicated, in order to establish the syphilitic nature of serologic reactivity).
One of the main and most important reasons for the growth of late syphilis (neurosyphilis, visceral syphilis) and early latent syphilis is development of the market of private healthcare services, where STI therapy is often inadequately implemented due to low-skilled medical staff, etc.
Non-treponemal antibody titres peak during secondary syphilis and gradually decline; therefore, up to 20-25% of untreated late latent syphilis may be undetected by a non-treponemal antibody test.
* Late latent syphilis (including syphilis of unknown duration)
Discriminating between latent syphilis infection and a false-positive screening test result can be challenging for patients without a clear history of prior disease.