photorefractive keratectomy

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keratectomy

 [ker″ah-tek´to-me]
excision of a portion of the cornea; kerectomy.
photorefractive keratectomy a procedure to correct errors of refraction in the eye by using an excimer laser to remove a portion of the anterior part of the cornea, which changes the refraction by creating a new radius of curvature.

pho·to·re·frac·tive ker·a·tec·to·my (PRK),

removal of part of the cornea with a laser to change its shape, and thus to modify the refractive error of the eye (reduce its myopia, for example).

photorefractive keratectomy

Ophthalmology A refractive surgery that corrects myopia by changing corneal conformation Results 78% vision improvement; 3-7% complications–eg, painful healing of cornea, glare. See Refractive surgery. Cf LASIK, Radial keratectomy.

pho·to·re·frac·tive ker·a·tec·to·my

(PRK) (fōtō-rĕ-fraktiv keră-tektŏ-mē)
Removal of part of the cornea with a laser to change its shape, and thus to modify the refractive error of the eye (e.g., to reduce its myopia).

Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK)

A procedure that uses an excimer laser to make modifications to the cornea and permanently correct myopia.
Mentioned in: Myopia, Radial Keratotomy

keratectomy, photorefractive

A surgical procedure on the cornea aimed at correcting ametropia. The epithelium is completely removed over a central diameter of about 7 mm and excimer laser ablation is then carried out on the stroma. A bandage soft contact lens is usually worn afterwards for a few days while the epithelium regenerates. Complications are more common than with either LASEK or LASIK. Useful vision recovers more slowly and pain lasts longer than with the latter procedures. Syn. keratorefractive surgery; laser refractive keratoplasty (LRK); refractive keratoplasty. See corneal ectasia; radial keratotomy.
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