LPR is a form of extraesophageal reflux characterized by laryngopharyngeal
symptoms, such as hoarseness, globus pharyngeus, throat clearing, and cough.
reflux: Position statement of the committee on speech, voice, and swallowing disorders of the American academy of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery.
At the present time, there are insufficient data linking CD and NCGS with laryngopharyngeal
Perspectives in laryngopharyngeal
reflux: An international survey.
Low-acid diet for recalcitrant laryngopharyngeal
reflux: therapeutic benefits and their implications.
Scintigraphy in laryngopharyngeal
and gastroesophageal reflux disease: a definitive diagnostic test?
(6) in 2005 reported that NMIHF could also be used in the reconstruction of parotid, oropharyngeal and laryngopharyngeal
reflux (LPR) is defined as reflux of stomach and esophageal contents into larynx and pharynx.
Bleeding was classified as; mild--just a streak outside the ETT; moderate--some blood in the laryngopharyngeal
region along with streak on the ETT, and severe --bleeding that obscured the visual field (Figure 3).
Nasal obstruction has been identified as a potential cause of ET dysfunction along with many other factors, such as allergic rhinitis, laryngopharyngeal
reflux, cleft palate, adenoid hypertrophy, mucosal diseases of nasopharynx, and prior radiotherapy [2-5].
The study looked at people with laryngopharyngeal
As the laryngeal cancer patients predominantly had chronic gastritis, we may well suppose that these patients also had laryngopharyngeal
reflux and that the presence of H.