Methods for evaluating effects of nutrition on larval
and juvenile development are well established in this species (Pechenik et al., 2002; Pechenik and Tyrell, 2015).
Probit response on log Bt concentration of Cydia pomonella larvae reared on a diet containing maize where the responses were: (A) larval
mortality Y = 2.980 + 1.27(X); (B) delayed larval
development, Y = 3.789 + 1.886(X) for experiment 1 and Y = 2.840 + 1.886(X) for experiment 2; (C) larvae leaving the diet, Y = 3.595 + 0.681(X); (D) total response or response A + B + C, Y = 4.133 + 2.344(X) for experiment 1 and Y = 3.592 + 2.344(X) for experiment 2.
To measure both larval
food and its pollen content, we collected food stored in 20 randomly selected brood cells per colony.
development of Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera: Calliphoridae) on different diets and larval
Information regarding larval
stages of geoduck species generally is limited to just a few published articles (e.g., Pacific geoduck Panopea generosa (Gould, 1850) (Goodwin 1973, Goodwin et al.
For this reviewer, a major lacuna in the coverage of EEMIL is in-depth treatment of larval
settlement and metamorphosis.
In the southeastern United States, larval
fish abundances are monitored under the Southeast Area Monitoring and Assessment Program (SEAMAP; Stuntz et al.
pulchrus was expected to have a multivoltine life cycle, with asynchronous larval
development and all larval
instars present simultaneously throughout the year as exhibited by other tropical aquatic species (Jackson & Sweeney, 1995; Jacobsen, Cressa, Mathooko, & Dudgeon, 2008; Springer, 2010).
Table I.- Effect of EPN on different larval
instars of Spodoptera litura.
Several studies have explored the coupling between larval
fish assemblages and mesoscale structures (Sanchez-Velasco et al., 2013; Apango-Figueroa et al., 2014; Contreras-Catala et al., 2015), including the use of numerical models which compare the fish larval
abundance and connectivity among regions of the Gulf of California (Peguero-Icaza et al., 2008, 2011).
The climatic factors like rain and humidity positively affected the larval
Followed by gastrulation, blastula will be changed into pluteus larval
stage where it exhibits the sea urchin characteristics.