= gestational; CS = caesarean section; GA = gestational age; SGA = small for gestational age; AGA = appropriate for gestational age; LGA = large for gestational age
. * Unless otherwise specified.
Females born large for gestational age
have a double risk of giving birth to large for gestational age
The infants of 454 women with schizophrenia who did not take antipsychotics had an elevated risk for low birth weight and small for gestational age, but not for preterm birth or large for gestational age
compared with infants of women without schizophrenia.
Concentrations of adiponectin in breast milk were higher among mothers whose infants were large for gestational age
compared with mothers whose infants were small or adequate for gestational age (P = 0.004), but no relationship existed with infant sex or other anthropometric measurements at birth.
Infants who were large for gestational age
were nearly 30% less likely than those of appropriate size to die of SIDS, suggesting that increased fetal growth exerts a protective effect.
Linear regression analyses were used to control for the confounding effects of maternal smoking, maternal age, parity, obesity, prior spontaneous and induced abortion, prior births of infants who were small or large for gestational age
, anemia and premature rupture of membranes.
Thawed embryos were associated with a higher risk for pregnancy-induced hypertension and large for gestational age
offspring, but a lower risk for low birth weight and small for gestational age.
Conversely, babies who are large for gestational age
at birth have a longer-term risk of adverse metabolic health, as has been reported for babies of ICP pregnancies (12).
In the fetus a good correlation has been reported between the transverse cerebellar diameter measured by ultrasound and gestational age in appropriate for gestational age, small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses and large for gestational age
Due to the low number of small for gestational age (term: n = 2; preterm: n = 9) and large for gestational age
(term: n = 1; preterm: n = 4) newborns in both study groups, the low prevalence of multiple births, and the infrequent use of amidotrizoic acid-containing contrast agents as well as thyroxine replacement therapy in VPI, subgroup analyses were not undertaken.
Kasempipatchai, "Incidence of large for gestational age
infants when gestational diabetes mellitus is diagnosed early and late in pregnancy," The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, vol.
However, four studies showed that, compared with women who didn't have psoriasis, those who did were at significantly increased risk for spontaneous abortion, cesarean delivery, low birth weight, macrosomia, large for gestational age
, and prematurity, with odds ratios as high as 5.6.