laparotomy


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laparotomy

 [lap″ah-rot´ah-me]
incision through the abdominal wall.

lap·a·rot·o·my

(lap'ă-rot'ō-mē),
1. Incision into the loin.
2. Synonym(s): celiotomy
[laparo- + G. tomē, incision]

laparotomy

/lap·a·rot·o·my/ (-rot´ah-me) incision through the flank or, more generally, through any part of the abdominal wall.

laparotomy

(lăp′ə-rŏt′ə-mē)
n. pl. laparoto·mies
Surgical incision into the abdominal wall, especially into the flank.

laparotomy (lap)

[lap′ərot′əmē]
Etymology: Gk, lapara + temnein, to cut
any surgical incision into the abdominal wall, usually performed under general or regional anesthesia, often on an exploratory basis. Food and fluids by mouth are withheld for several hours before surgery. Immediately before surgery the skin may be shaved and cleansed from the nipple line to the pubis. If the intestine is opened, a nasogastric tube is inserted postoperatively. Frequent observation of vital signs and drainage systems is essential. Fluid intake and output are recorded. The patient is turned and encouraged to breathe deeply every hour and to cough if necessary. Medication is given as needed for pain relief. Some kinds of laparotomy are appendectomy, cholecystectomy, and colostomy. laparotomize, v.

laparotomy

Obstetrics Open pelvic surgery, a surgical format which has waned in popularity–WIP, but may be used for sterilization See Minilaparotomy tubal sterilization Surgery Open surgical exploration of the abdomen, which has WIP–laparoscopy has equal diagnostic yields with ↓ complications Indications Pronounced cholangitis, sepsis, perforation, hemorrhage. See Exploratory laparotomy. Cf Laparoscopy.

lap·a·rot·o·my

(lap'ă-rot'ŏ-mē)
1. Incision into the loin.
2. Synonym(s): celiotomy.
[laparo- + G. tomē, incision]

laparotomy

1. A surgical incision through the flank.
2. (colloquial) an exploratory operation performed for purposes of diagnosis.

Laparotomy

Surgical incision into the loin, between the ribs and the pelvis, which offers surgeons a view inside the abdominal cavity.

laparotomy,

n any major surgical procedure that involves opening the abdomen.

lap·a·rot·o·my

(lap'ă-rot'ŏ-mē)
1. Incision into the loin.
2. Synonym(s): celiotomy.
[laparo- + G. tomē, incision]

laparotomy

(lap´ərot´əmē),
n a surgical incision into the peritoneal cavity, usually performed under general or regional anesthesia, often on an exploratory basis.

laparotomy

incision through the flank or, more generally, through any part of the abdominal wall.

exploratory laparotomy
for the purpose of physically examining the contents of the peritoneal cavity.
laparotomy grid
see grid incision.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pain is one of the common complications of midline laparotomy that troubles the patient in the immediate post-operative period and can increase patient's morbidity.
In our study, more males 80% had undergone laparotomy in comparison to females because certain diseases such as peptic perforation, enteric perforation, and malignancy are more common in males due to alcohol, smoking, other bad habits, life style, and genetic reasons.
Repeat operation in a critically ill patient is not a benign procedure and our data shows that multiple repeat laparotomy is associated with dramatically increased levels of morbidity.
It is necessary to perform additional larger studies for standardization of the technique of closure of abdominal wound after midline laparotomy has been undertaken.
Endoscopic removal is the novel and preferred modality, but in case of complications, laparotomy is the gold standard.
It is encouraging that they did not go back to open laparotomy and that they have obviously found alternatives," Dr.
The aim of this case was to focus on the unusual nature of jejunal GIST, which presented with obscure and overt GI bleeding and only diagnosed at laparotomy.
Exploratory laparotomy was divided into 4 categories: 1) therapeutic laparotomy, 2) non-therapeutic laparotomy, 3) negative laparotomy (5-9) and 4) damage control surgery.
Although open surgery was uneventful, a laparotomy was a high-risk undertaking for this patient.
Laparotomy was the main approach in the remaining 44% for the following reasons: concomitant hysterectomy (33% of laparotomy group), size of the adnexal mass more than 12 cm in 26% of the laparotomy group, advanced endometriosis in about 10%, hemodynamically unstable patient condition in 4% and current pregnancy in another 6%.
X-ray and ultrasound of the pelvis showed IUCD to be lying outside the uterus and on laparotomy IUCD was removed from urinary bladder.
28am, he decided that a laparotomy was necessary to stop the bleeding.