laparotomy


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laparotomy

 [lap″ah-rot´ah-me]
incision through the abdominal wall.

lap·a·rot·o·my

(lap'ă-rot'ō-mē),
1. Incision into the loin.
2. Synonym(s): celiotomy
[laparo- + G. tomē, incision]

laparotomy

/lap·a·rot·o·my/ (-rot´ah-me) incision through the flank or, more generally, through any part of the abdominal wall.

laparotomy

(lăp′ə-rŏt′ə-mē)
n. pl. laparoto·mies
Surgical incision into the abdominal wall, especially into the flank.

laparotomy (lap)

[lap′ərot′əmē]
Etymology: Gk, lapara + temnein, to cut
any surgical incision into the abdominal wall, usually performed under general or regional anesthesia, often on an exploratory basis. Food and fluids by mouth are withheld for several hours before surgery. Immediately before surgery the skin may be shaved and cleansed from the nipple line to the pubis. If the intestine is opened, a nasogastric tube is inserted postoperatively. Frequent observation of vital signs and drainage systems is essential. Fluid intake and output are recorded. The patient is turned and encouraged to breathe deeply every hour and to cough if necessary. Medication is given as needed for pain relief. Some kinds of laparotomy are appendectomy, cholecystectomy, and colostomy. laparotomize, v.

laparotomy

Obstetrics Open pelvic surgery, a surgical format which has waned in popularity–WIP, but may be used for sterilization See Minilaparotomy tubal sterilization Surgery Open surgical exploration of the abdomen, which has WIP–laparoscopy has equal diagnostic yields with ↓ complications Indications Pronounced cholangitis, sepsis, perforation, hemorrhage. See Exploratory laparotomy. Cf Laparoscopy.

lap·a·rot·o·my

(lap'ă-rot'ŏ-mē)
1. Incision into the loin.
2. Synonym(s): celiotomy.
[laparo- + G. tomē, incision]

laparotomy

1. A surgical incision through the flank.
2. (colloquial) an exploratory operation performed for purposes of diagnosis.

Laparotomy

Surgical incision into the loin, between the ribs and the pelvis, which offers surgeons a view inside the abdominal cavity.

laparotomy,

n any major surgical procedure that involves opening the abdomen.

lap·a·rot·o·my

(lap'ă-rot'ŏ-mē)
1. Incision into the loin.
2. Synonym(s): celiotomy.
[laparo- + G. tomē, incision]

laparotomy

(lap´ərot´əmē),
n a surgical incision into the peritoneal cavity, usually performed under general or regional anesthesia, often on an exploratory basis.

laparotomy

incision through the flank or, more generally, through any part of the abdominal wall.

exploratory laparotomy
for the purpose of physically examining the contents of the peritoneal cavity.
laparotomy grid
see grid incision.
References in periodicals archive ?
Exploratory laparotomy should be done as soon as the diagnosis is contemplated to decrease the high mortality rate.
Key clinical point: Abandoning the power morcellator has not led to an increase in laparotomy.
Non-therapeutic laparotomy is not without its complications and in some series reaches an incidence of 40%.
The posterior TAP block is effective in patients undergoing lower midline laparotomy.
The goal of this study is to compare pre and post laparotomy diagnosis and to identify the rate of negative laparotomies as to guide practicing surgeons confronted with acute abdomen.
Mean Time to Bowel Movement After GI Surgery Methylnaltrexone group 98 hours Control group 118 hours Note: Based on a study of 65 patients who received opioids after segmental colectomy by laparotomy.
At laparotomy, a fibrous band between the right fallopian tube and uterus was found to be avulsed and actively bleeding, confirming preoperative findings obtained with multidetector row computed tomographic angiography.
A laparotomy is not needed so there is minimal injury and pain," he said, adding that in most patients, one year after the procedure there was no significant recurrence.
After receiving a blood transfusion (2 units) and intravenous antimicrobial drug treatment (ampicillin 500 mg 4 times/day, chloramphenicol 1 g 2 times/day, and metronidazole 500 mg, 2 times/day), the patient was scheduled for an exploratory laparotomy.
After studying a series of 200 patients treated with unorthodox techniques to interrupt laparotomy and the triad of hypothermia, acidosis, and coagulopathy, Burch et al proposed a model based on clinical and laboratory parameters including core temperature of [less than or equal to]32[degrees]C, pH [less than or equal to]7.
Emergency laparotomy detected several bleeding tumors in the stomach and numerous deposits in the liver.