laparotomy

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laparotomy

 [lap″ah-rot´ah-me]
incision through the abdominal wall.

lap·a·rot·o·my

(lap'ă-rot'ō-mē),
1. Incision into the loin.
2. Synonym(s): celiotomy
[laparo- + G. tomē, incision]

laparotomy

/lap·a·rot·o·my/ (-rot´ah-me) incision through the flank or, more generally, through any part of the abdominal wall.

laparotomy

(lăp′ə-rŏt′ə-mē)
n. pl. laparoto·mies
Surgical incision into the abdominal wall, especially into the flank.

laparotomy (lap)

[lap′ərot′əmē]
Etymology: Gk, lapara + temnein, to cut
any surgical incision into the abdominal wall, usually performed under general or regional anesthesia, often on an exploratory basis. Food and fluids by mouth are withheld for several hours before surgery. Immediately before surgery the skin may be shaved and cleansed from the nipple line to the pubis. If the intestine is opened, a nasogastric tube is inserted postoperatively. Frequent observation of vital signs and drainage systems is essential. Fluid intake and output are recorded. The patient is turned and encouraged to breathe deeply every hour and to cough if necessary. Medication is given as needed for pain relief. Some kinds of laparotomy are appendectomy, cholecystectomy, and colostomy. laparotomize, v.

laparotomy

Obstetrics Open pelvic surgery, a surgical format which has waned in popularity–WIP, but may be used for sterilization See Minilaparotomy tubal sterilization Surgery Open surgical exploration of the abdomen, which has WIP–laparoscopy has equal diagnostic yields with ↓ complications Indications Pronounced cholangitis, sepsis, perforation, hemorrhage. See Exploratory laparotomy. Cf Laparoscopy.

lap·a·rot·o·my

(lap'ă-rot'ŏ-mē)
1. Incision into the loin.
2. Synonym(s): celiotomy.
[laparo- + G. tomē, incision]

laparotomy

1. A surgical incision through the flank.
2. (colloquial) an exploratory operation performed for purposes of diagnosis.

Laparotomy

Surgical incision into the loin, between the ribs and the pelvis, which offers surgeons a view inside the abdominal cavity.

laparotomy,

n any major surgical procedure that involves opening the abdomen.

lap·a·rot·o·my

(lap'ă-rot'ŏ-mē)
1. Incision into the loin.
2. Synonym(s): celiotomy.
[laparo- + G. tomē, incision]

laparotomy

incision through the flank or, more generally, through any part of the abdominal wall.

exploratory laparotomy
for the purpose of physically examining the contents of the peritoneal cavity.
laparotomy grid
see grid incision.
References in periodicals archive ?
Electric cautery lowers the contamination threshold for infection of laparotomies.
Of the 182 repeat laparotomies performed, a total of 20 (11%) were truly negative repeat laparotomies where the patient did not benefit from the operation.
A preoperative accurate diagnosis prevents from negative laparotomies.
9] In our setup, the emergency laparotomies are usually performed for acute abdomen cases which have deteriorated due to course of acute illness and by the time they are referred to tertiary care hospitals like GMCH, most of them are already having complications like septicaemia and fluid and electrolytes derangements.
Diagnostic laparoscopy in GI malignancy appears to be a safe, painless, faster recovery, cost-effective means of directing appropriate therapy and also avoids unnecessary laparotomies.
Patients were saved from unnecessary laparotomies and managed on antitubercular drugs.
A prospective study of emergency laparotomies among patients attending Chengalpattu Medical College with acute abdomen and to know about its complications and management in our setup.
15-17) In our study, 6% of laparotomies for trauma were DCS.
INTRODUCTION: Mesenteric venous thrombosis is a rare and life threatening condition which accounts for less than 1 in 1000 laparotomies for acute abdomen.
Serial physical examination alone for asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic patients with abdominal stab wounds enables a significant reduction in unnecessary laparotomies.
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of burst abdomen is reduced with the use of sufficient length of suture material and mass closure of abdomen in cases of laparotomies (1).
The use of laparoscopy for abdominal trauma prevented unnecessary laparotomies.