lamina

(redirected from laminal)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to laminal: laminar flow

lamina

 [lam´ĭ-nah] (L.)
1. a thin, flat plate or stratum of a composite structure; called also layer.
basal lamina (lamina basa´lis) the layer of the basement membrane lying next to the basal surface of the adjoining cell layer composed of an electron-dense lamina densa and an electron-lucent lamina lucida.
lamina basila´ris the posterior wall of the cochlear duct, separating it from the scala tympani.
lamina choroidocapilla´ris the inner layer of the choroid, composed of a single-layered network of small capillaries.
lamina cribro´sa
2. (of ethmoid bone) the horizontal plate of ethmoid bone forming the roof of the nasal cavity, and perforated by many foramina for passage of olfactory nerves.
3. (of sclera) the perforated part of the sclera through which pass the axons of the retinal ganglion cells.
lamina den´sa an electron-dense layer of the basal lamina, consisting mainly of collagen fibrils and proteoglycans; it closely follows the plasma membrane of the basal aspect of the adjacent cell layer, from which it is separated by the lamina lucida (or the lamina rara in the renal glomerulus and pulmonary alveolus).
lamina du´ra a layer of the alveolar bone that is thin and particularly compact and appears as a line on dental x-rays. Called also bundle bone.
epithelial lamina the layer of ependymal cells covering the choroid plexus.
lamina fus´ca the pigmentary layer of the sclera.
lamina lu´cida an electron-dense layer of the basal lamina lying between the lamina densa and the adjoining cell layer; in the pulmonary alveolus and renal glomerulus it is divided into the internal and external laminae rarae.
lamina pro´pria
1. the connective tissue layer of mucous membrane.
2. the middle fibrous layer of the tympanic membrane.
lamina ra´ra
1. in the renal glomerulus and pulmonary alveolus, one of the layers of lamina lucida surrounding the lamina densa; the lamina rara externa is on the epithelial side and the lamina rara interna is on the endothelial side.
2. a term sometimes used as a synonym for lamina lucida.
reticular lamina a layer of the basement membrane, adjacent to the connective tissue, seen in some epithelia; it is of variable thickness and is composed of condensed connective tissue with a reticulum of collagen fibers.
Rexed's laminae an architectural scheme used to classify the structure of the spinal cord, based on the cytological features of the neurons in different regions of the gray substance. It consists of nine laminae (I–IX) that extend throughout the cord, roughly paralleling the dorsal and ventral columns of the gray substance, and a tenth region (lamina X) that surrounds the central canal and consists of the dorsal and ventral commissures and the central gelatinous substance.
spiral lamina (lamina spira´lis)
1. a double plate of bone winding spirally around the modiolus, dividing the spiral canal of the cochlea into the scala tympani and scala vestibuli.
2. a bony projection on the outer wall of the cochlea in the lower part of the first turn.
terminal lamina of hypothalamus the thin plate derived from the telencephalon, forming the anterior wall of the third ventricle of the cerebrum.
vertebral lamina (lamina of vertebral arch) either of the pair of broad plates of bone flaring out from the pedicles of the vertebral arches and fusing together at the midline to complete the dorsal part of the arch and provide a base for the spinous process of the vertebra.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

plate

(plāt),
1. anatomy a thin, relatively flat, structure. Synonym(s): lamina [TA]
2. A metal bar perforated for screws applied to a fractured bone to maintain the ends in apposition.
3. The agar layer within a Petri dish or similar vessel.
4. To form a thin layer of a bacterial culture by streaking it on the surface of an agar plate (usually within a Petri dish) to isolate individual organisms from which a colonial clone will develop.
5. Any of the horizontal perforated plates that make up the fractionating component of a column in fractional distillation (or, the theoretic equivalent of such a plate).
[O.Fr. plat, a flat object, fr. G. platys, flat, broad]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

lamina

(lăm′ə-nə)
n. pl. lami·nae (-nē′) or lami·nas
1. A thin plate, sheet, or layer.
2. A thin layer of bone, membrane, or other tissue.
3. Zoology A thin scalelike or platelike structure, as one of the thin layers of sensitive vascular tissue in the hoof of a horse.
4. Cytology A thin layer inside the nuclear membrane of cell that is composed of a meshlike network of protein fibers.

lam′i·nar, lam′i·nal adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

lam·i·na

, pl. laminae (lam'i-nă, -nē) [TA]
Thin plate or flat layer.
See also: layer, stratum
[L]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

lamina

Any thin sheet or layer of tissue, especially the flat surfaces on the arch of a vertebra.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

lamina

(pl. laminae) a thin, flat structure such as a leaf or petal, or flat bony element covering the posterior part (roof) of the SPINAL CANAL, a part of the VERTEBRA. See also BASAL LAMINA, RETICULAR LAMINA.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

lamina

Thin sheet or layer. Example: the lamina vitrea of Bruch's membrane.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann

stra·tum

, pl. strata (strā'tŭm, -tă)
One of the layers of differentiated tissue, the aggregate of which forms any given structure.

lay·er

(lā'ĕr) [TA]
A sheet of one substance's lying on another and distinguishable from it by a difference in texture or color or by not being continuous with it.
See also: stratum, lamina

plate

(plāt)
1. [TA] In anatomy, thin, relatively flat, structure.
Synonym(s): lamina [TA] .
2. A metal bar perforated for screws applied to a fractured bone to maintain the ends in apposition.
3. Agar layer within a Petri dish or similar vessel.
4. To form a thin layer of a bacterial culture by streaking it on the surface of an agar plate (usually within a Petri dish) to isolate individual organisms from which a colonial clone will develop.
[O.Fr. plat, a flat object, fr. G. platys, flat, broad]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
However their VOTs for English /t/ are not significantly different from the L1 laminal coronal [t] which is 28.25 ms.
For example, if affricate samekh is insisted upon in both dialects--preferably narrow-groove laminal in both--both dialects can still have narrow-groove sin, apical in one, laminal in the other, and the choice of Gileadite versus Ephraimite assignment will still be completely free; but as usual one scenario will have the Ephraimites simply responding with their own sin, while the other will have them cannily responding with their nevertheless inadequate samekh.
Lobes lacking reticulate ridges, older portions may be wrinkled, soredia generally laminal in rounded soralia.
Peritoneal elastic laminal invasion of colorectal cancer: the diagnostic utility and clinicopathologic relationship.
Associations Between Peritoneal Elastic Laminal Invasion (PELI) and Clinicopathologic Factors of pT3 Colorectal Cancer PELI Positive PELI Negative P (n = 32) (n = 107) Sex, No.
Needless to say, SPE phonology has not been very good at handling this aspect of Dravidian phonology and certainly has not captured the proper distinctions in its phonology and morphology.(8) The fact that Malayalam on its face destroys Chomsky and Halle's strong case for the feature distributed has been pointed out often enough.(9) The problem is that no universal replacement has been accepted.(10) Ad hoc replacements maintain the critical apical versus laminal distinction, usually with a feature apical or its equivalent.
Keratocystic odontogenic tumor is a cystic lesion arising from dental laminal epithelium and is usually found in the mandible or maxilla.
In poorly differentiated areas of sheeted epithelioid cells, there is actually external laminal cellular organization into primitive tubules, in which the tumor recapitulates vascular structures lacking canalization.
This avoidance of jargon is variable, however, with terms such as 'stops', 'laminals' and 'nasals' used without clarification (p.22) (though other terms such as inflectional and derivational suffixes are explained) (p.29).