lacunar state

la·cu·nar state

the presence of lacunes in the brain. One of the major factors underlying cerebrovascular disease; high correlation with hypertension and atherosclerosis. Symptomatic forms include pure motor hemiplegia and pure hemisensory syndrome; multiple lacunar infarcts are the most common cause of pseudobulbar palsy.
A condition caused by multiple minute infarcts—lacunes—in the basal ganglia, which may be seen in severe hypertension; when numerous, lacunar strokes cause dementia or a lacunar ‘syndrome’

lacunar state

Neurology A condition characterized by multiple minute infarcts—lacunes in the basal ganglia, which may be seen in severe HTN; when numerous, LS causes dementia or a lacunar 'syndrome' Clinical Loss of recent memory, altered time-space orientation, paranoia, headache, vertigo, giddiness, convulsions; the focal nature of the infarcts explains various neurologic defects–eg, homolateral cerebellar ataxia, isolated hemiplegia, pure segmental sensory stroke and dysarthria and clumsy hand syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
In particular, whereas depressive symptoms are similar between the two groups, executive dysfunction and deficit of information processing speed are more frequently reported in patients with WMLs than in those with lacunar state [19, 25, 26].
[83] the exon 19 with involvement Notch3 gene of the external capsule Pennisi NINDS-AIREN Lacunar state No et al.
In view of these findings, BD and the lacunar state could be the same entitye [20, 21].
We describe a 51-year-old woman with a new onset BD type II secondary to a lacunar state of the basal ganglia, analyzing the clinical and neuropsychological features and formulating an anatomopathophysiological hypothesis.
Cerebral MR revealed multiple bilateral subcortical lacunar lesions both within the periventricular region and at the nucleuscapsular level resulting in a lacunar state (Figure 1).