Both views saw Indianness and blackness as negative, but one was more "optimistic" about their possible transcendence within the "progressive" narrative of lactification
. Freyre credited Boas, especially, with alerting him to the true value of black culture.
She even criticizes Fanon's lactification
approach to the main character, a widely recognized and acclaimed theory that the main character of Capecia's novel conformed to the white colonialists.
D'Souza sees Obama's habit of presenting his own positions as moderate in comparison to two hypothetical extremes as an example of his "lactification
," by which he means his attempt to distance himself from the "angry black man" stereotype.