Both views saw Indianness and blackness as negative, but one was more "optimistic" about their possible transcendence within the "progressive" narrative of lactification
. Freyre credited Boas, especially, with alerting him to the true value of black culture.
She even criticizes Fanon's lactification
approach to the main character, a widely recognized and acclaimed theory that the main character of Capecia's novel conformed to the white colonialists.
D'Souza sees Obama's habit of presenting his own positions as moderate in comparison to two hypothetical extremes as an example of his "lactification
," by which he means his attempt to distance himself from the "angry black man" stereotype.
Because of the reverence Cajou expresses for the Nordic features, eyes, and hair of her male companion (as well as those of her mother and other female friends), she is seen as a damaging example of the "lactification
complex" Fanon elaborated in Peau noire, masques blancs less than ten years before the publication of Cajou.