lactic


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lactic

 [lak´tik]
pertaining to milk.
lactic acid a metabolic intermediate involved in many biochemical processes; it is the end product of glycolysis, which provides energy anaerobically in skeletal muscle during heavy exercise, and it can be oxidized aerobically in the heart for energy production or can be converted back to glucose (gluconeogenesis) in the liver. Moderate elevations of blood lactate occur during heavy exercise; severe elevations (lactic acidosis) can occur in diabetes mellitus and in genetic deficiencies of enzymes involved in gluconeogenesis. Lactate is also the end product of fermentation in several bacterial species. The sodium salt of racemic or inactive lactic acid (sodium lactate) is used as an electrolyte and fluid replenisher.

lac·tic

(lak'tik),
Relating to milk.
[L. lac (lact-), milk]

lactic

/lac·tic/ (lak´tik) pertaining to milk.

lactic

(lăk′tĭk)
adj.
Of, relating to, or derived from milk.

lactic

[lak′tik]
Etymology: L, lac + icus, like
referring to milk and milk products. See also lactic acid, lactose.

lac·tic

(lak'tik)
Relating to milk.
[L. lac(lact-), milk]

lactic

pertaining to milk.

lactic acid
a compound formed in the body in metabolism of carbohydrate, by fermentation of carbohydrates in the rumen and by bacterial action on milk. The sodium salt of racemic or inactive lactic (sodium lactate) acid is used as an electrolyte and fluid replenisher.
lactic acid cycle
the metabolic system by which lactic acid produced by glycolysis in muscles is converted in the liver to glucose. Called also the Cori cycle.
lactic acid indigestion
lactic acidemia
lactacidemia.
lactic acidosis
the state in ruminants in which there is an excess of lactic acid and lactate in the body, due usually to unadapted grain feeding and carbohydrate engorgement.
ruminal lactic acid
the level is high in carbohydrate engorgement.
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, this work was designed to investigate the effect of three different concentrations of glucose, with three varieties of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) on the fermentation quality of mulberry leaves silage and the chemical outcomes and its relation with in vitro digestibility of the mulberry leaf silage.
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) produce lactic acid as a result of water soluble carbohydrate fermentation and play an important role in feed technology by production and preservation of silage.
Probiotic bacteria help food fermentation by various ways including (i) preservation by lactic acid production which act as antimicrobial agent (Fraqueza, 2015); (ii) The production of flavor compound that will provide the organoleptic properties (Smid and Kleerebezem, 2014); (iii) Improvement of nutritional value of the food; (iv) production of therapeutic agent and control of serum cholesterol (Nuraida, 2015).
Polylactic acid (PLA) is a bio-degradable thermoplastic polyester produced from lactic acid using various crops like corn, sugarcane, tapioca etc.
Strains of lactic acid bacteria, namely Lactobacillus plantarum B 4496, (LP) Lactobacillus casei subsp.
In Chinese lactic acid industry, only 10 enterprises, such as Henan Jindan Lacitc Acid Technology Co.
Conclusion: Lactic acid+lactoserum as an adjuvant treatment of vulvo-vaginal infections demonstrated high percentage of satisfaction and safety in Pakistani women.
A commercially viable methane to lactic acid conversion technology would be revolutionary," says Bill Suehr, NatureWorks chief operating officer.
Recently one publication has described varying quantities of organic acid production by lactic acid cocci (62).
sup][3],[4] Improving the cardiac function and normalizing the circulatory system are crucial to overcome hypothermia and lactic acidosis in severe heart failure patients.
Current trends toward environmental sustainability and the use of renewable resources such as biomass fermentation processes have led to growing interest in the biological production of organic acids including lactic acid.
The concern is for development of lactic acidosis in patients because the renally excreted metformin may build up as a result of decreased renal function.