lactational amenorrhea


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lactational amenorrhea

Suppression of normal cyclic hormonal changes resulting from breast-feeding. The advent of postpartum ovulation and menses is related to the amount of time the mother breast-feeds. Even after the resumption of menses, 50% of initial cycles are anovulatory. Women who stop nursing within 30 days usually experience the return of menstruation between 6 and 10 weeks after delivery. Among those who continue to nurse, ovulation usually occurs between postpartum weeks 17 and 28, with menstruation 30 to 36 weeks after the birth.
See also: amenorrhea
References in periodicals archive ?
However, marked dilemmas about optimal postpartum strategies arise in Sub-Saharan Africa, and to a lesser extent in countries like India, where lactational amenorrhea typically extends through the first 12 months after childbirth.
(12) Most of this research deals with the appropriate choice and timing of contraceptive use in general and with the reliability of the lactational amenorrhea method in particular.
Modern methods include female sterilization, non-scalpel vasectomy, intrauterine device, injectables, implant pills, condoms, standard days method, basal body temperature, cervical mucus method, sympto-thermal method and lactational amenorrhea method while the traditional methods include rhythm, withdrawal, and folk methods.
Furthermore, half of the AWW's knew that breastfeeding reduces mother's weight, provides contraceptive benefit due to lactational amenorrhea and helps involution of the uterus.
She had conceived in Lactational Amenorrhea and so her last menstrual period was not known.
(4) The standard recommendations for postpartum family planning have not changed much since then, except that in 1989 the Bellagio consensus statement added the lactational amenorrhea method * to the range of methods that can be started immediately after delivery.
Nearly half of women would not use lactational amenorrhea method because they were unfamiliar with it.
The new guideline addresses the use of hormonal contraceptives, emergency contraceptive pills, intrauterine devices for both pregnancy prevention and emergency contraception, barrier methods, sterilization, and "natural methods," including coitus interruptus, lactational amenorrhea, and fertility awareness.
Focus group discussions among 63 women from the same communities, however, revealed confusion about the cause, effect, and duration of lactational amenorrhea. Women in six of eight focus groups said that breastfeeding can prevent pregnancy, but most participants thought lactational infertility depends on a woman's physical constitution, rather than on meeting the three criteria of being less than six months postpartum, fully or almost fully breastfeeding, and amenorrheic.
Most preferable method of contraception among the remaining 49.4% (n = 86) couples who were using any method was condom (18.4%, n = 32), followed by Pill (14.4%, n = 25), copper-T (8%, n = 14), Tubal ligation (4.6%, n = 8), and lactational amenorrhea (4%, n = 1).
(4) In the present case, it seems that IUD had perforated the uterus at the time of its initial insertion as at that time, the patient was in lactational amenorrhea which is a high risk for IUD perforation due to small uterus.