Additional findings included a tiny chest and sternum, severe kyphoscoliosis
of the thoracolumbosacral spines, and sacral dimples with an overlying tuft of hair (Figure 3).
The index case had kyphoscoliosis
in addition to a very short stature.
Diagnosis on admission (N=210) Diagnosis n (%) Cardiac 93 (44.3) Eclampsia and pre-eclampsia 42 (20.0) Obstetric haemorrhage 34 (16.2) Pulmonary oedema 13 (6.2) Pulmonary disease 9 (4.3) Kyphoscoliosis
6 (2.9) Ruptured uterus 5 (2.4) Extrauterine pregnancy 4 (1.9) Anaesthetic complications 3 (1.4) Puerperal sepsis 1 (0.5) Table 3.
Potential beneficialeffects of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor therapy for spastic paraparesis in patient with kyphoscoliosis
: a case report.
Surgery must also be taken into consideration if any gradual increase in the size of the meningocele sac is observed during careful follow-up examinations of the patient and any neurological and/or cardiopulmonary complications are diagnosed or when an operative correction is required for a patient's kyphoscoliosis
The patients with CD that survived after neonatal period developed a progressive kyphoscoliosis
The aim of this study was to present the results of average period of five-year follow-up in patients, diagnosed with congenital scoliosis and kyphoscoliosis
and treated with transpedicular instrumentation and fusion methods after hemivertebra resection with the posterior approach.
Finally, improved upper limb muscle strength and reduced lower limb spasticity were observed in a patient with kyphoscoliosis
The excessive eating due to hyperphagia and/or obsession with food contributes to significant weight gain, which together with musculoskeletal deformity, like kyphoscoliosis
and deranged hypoxic ventilator function, can lead to severe respiratory problems [3,4].
Obvious symptoms such as waddling gait and dwarfism due to dorsilumbar kyphoscoliosis
can be observed at an earlier age .
It is characterized by short trunk and extremities, platyspondyly, kyphoscoliosis
, coxa vara, genu valgum/varum, and abnormal shape and structure of the epiphyses of hand bones.
Other risks factors  are anatomic variants like an unusually long mesentery, hypermobile liver, or kyphoscoliosis
. Gallstones are not a risk factor, only reported from 20 to 33% of cases .