kwashiorkor


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kwashiorkor

 [kwahsh″e-or´kor]
a syndrome occurring in infants and young children soon after weaning. It is due to severe protein deficiency, and the symptoms include edema, pigmentation changes of skin and hair, impaired growth and development, distention of the abdomen, and pathologic liver changes.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

kwa·shi·or·kor

(kwah-shē-ōr'kōr),
A dietary protein deficiency disease seen originally in Africans, particularly children 1-3 years old. It is characterized by marked hypoalbuminemia, anemia, edema, pot belly, depigmentation of the skin, loss of hair or change in hair color to red, and bulky stools containing undigested food. Postmortem examination reveals fatty changes in the cells of the liver, atrophy of the acinar cells of the pancreas, and hyalinization of the renal glomeruli.
[Ga, a language of Ghana, red boy or displaced child]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

kwashiorkor

(kwä′shē-ôr′kôr′)
n.
Severe protein malnutrition, especially in children after weaning, marked by lethargy, growth retardation, anemia, edema, potbelly, skin depigmentation, and hair loss or change in hair color.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Malnutrition associated with suboptimal caloric intake, seen in African children weaned from protein-rich maternal milk and fed protein-poor cereals, cassava and sweet potatoes
Lab Anaemia, decreased haematocrit, blood volume, decreased albumin
Treatment Succotash, a diet mixture that provides the deficient amino acids
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

kwa·shi·or·kor

(kwah-shē-ōr'kōr)
A disease seen in African children 1-3 years old, due to dietary deficiency, particularly of protein; characterized by marked hypoalbuminemia, anemia, edema, pot belly, depigmentation of the skin, loss of hair or change in hair color to red, and bulky stools containing undigested food.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

kwashiorkor

A serious nutritional deficiency disease of young children resulting from gross dietary protein deficiency with a high intake of carbohydrate of low nutritional value. There is retarded growth and development, a protuberant abdomen, muscle wasting, tissue fluid retention (OEDEMA), red discolouration of the hair, irritability or apathy and enlargement of the liver. The protein deficiency results in inadequate antibody levels and seious infections. Children under two years of age who develop kwashiorkor and survive are likely to suffer life-long ill effects.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

kwashiorkor

the most widespread and serious human nutritional disease, brought on by acute protein starvation. The condition is characterized by apathy impaired growth, skin ulcers, swollen hands and feet and an enlarged liver. If untreated, it is fatal. Kwashiorkor typically affects children in the early stages after weaning.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Kwashiorkor

Severe malnutritution in children primarily caused by a protein-poor diet, characterized by growth retardation.
Mentioned in: Malnutrition, Starvation
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

kwa·shi·or·kor

(kwah-shē-ōr'kōr)
A dietary protein deficiency disease seen originally in African children; involving anemia, edema, pot belly, dermal depigmentation, loss of hair or change in hair color to red, and other signs.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
While kwashiorkor is very rare in children in the United States, an estimated 50 percent of seniors in nursing homes lack protein in their diets, according to the University of Florida Health.
In our study, we found significantly lower levels of P falciparum parasitaemia in malnourished children clinically assessed as kwashiorkor as compared to kwashiorkor/marasmus and marasmus, indicating an association between the different groups of PEM and levels of parasitaemia.
Gut microbiomes of Malawian twin pairs discordant for kwashiorkor. Science 339:548-554.
However, regular access has not been possible, according to the UN Some Madaya residents have symptoms of tuberculosis, measles, typhus fever, brucellosis and hepatitis A, and malnutrition is causing some to display symptoms of kwashiorkor, a condition characterized by a distended belly, the report said.
I actually remember only one case of kwashiorkor in my village as I grew up.
Anthropometry for the presence of kwashiorkor (edematous malnutrition) was systematically undertaken at admission and used to define severe acute malnutrition (10).
Kwashiorkor is mainly diagnosed by the presence of bilateral symmetrical pitting oedema (the degree should be graded for severity).
Third type of malnutrition is Protein energy malnutrition (PEM)" which means intake of food deficit in protein leading to stunted growth such as kwashiorkor (a disease in children).
There were four children in that family, all of them suffering from kwashiorkor, a severe type of malnutrition resulting from lack of protein.
The study was conducted on 60 infants 30 with kwashiorkor and 30 with marasmus.
When relief operations fully commenced in September and October 1968, the humanitarian agencies agreed that attention should be primarily focused on kwashiorkor (protein deficiency disease) patients, children, expectant and feeding mothers, and refugees, especially those in camps.