kojic acid

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ko·jic ac·id

(kō'jik as'id),
An antibiotic product of d-glucose catabolism in some molds; can be converted into flavor enhancers; 5-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-4H-pyran-4-one.
References in periodicals archive ?
Efficacy and safety of hydroquinone, kojic acid and glycolic acid combination in the treatment of melasma.
Look for ingredients like licorice, kojic acid or AHA/ BHA acids.
Kojic acid, arbutin, and hydroquinone are commonly used to whiten skin and having inhibitory effects on tyrosinase.
Kojic Acid with Vitamin-C: It is a non- phenolictyrosinase inhibitor has been found to be effective in the treatment of hyperpigmentary disorders.
Creams that contain kojic acid, Vitamins C and K, green tea, and licorice are highly recommended.
Additional inhibitors of PO activity have been identified in in vitro studies and include thiourea, dithiothreitol, and kojic acid (KA) (Goudru et al.
There are numerous modalities of treatment which are frequently used nowadays like sunscreens, topical depigmenting agents (like hydroquinone, azelaic acid, kojic acid, retinoids, and corticosteroids), chemical peels (superficial, medium, and deep), laser therapy, cryotherapy, and dermabrasion [8, 9].
Common topical agents include hydroquinone, retinoids, azelaic acid, kojic acid, lignin peroxidase, and various botanical agents.
There are several flavonoids that are effective in smoothing skin tone, like pomegranate extract, which contains up to 40% ellagic acid and can be a substitute for kojic acid in skin formulations.
If your age spots are severe don't treat yourself and avoid buying products online, some of which contain kojic acid, a mushroom derivative banned in the UK, which can be toxic in very high doses.