knowledge

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knowledge

 [nŏ´lej]
the ability of a client to remember and interpret information.
knowledge deficit (specify) a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as the absence or deficiency of cognitive information related to a specific topic. For purposes of assessing knowledge deficit, setting objectives, and planning and implementing patient teaching, three broad areas or domains are recognized: the cognitive, the affective, and the psychomotor domains. These were devised by Benjamin S. Bloom and colleagues as a part of a taxonomy of educational objectives, whose purpose is to classify and better identify specific goals for teaching, learning, and evaluation of outcomes of the process.

The cognitive domain deals with the recall or recognition of knowledge and the development of intellectual abilities and skills. The affective domain encompasses interest, attitudes, and values. The psychomotor domain is the manipulative or motor-skill area of learning.

Learning objectives in each of these domains should be stated in behavioral terms. Educators contend that a change in behavior is evidence that learning has taken place. Hence, criteria by which one judges whether learning has occurred are written in terms of what the learner is able to do as a result of instruction. In the cognitive domain a goal of learning might be that the patient verbalizes dosage of prescribed medication, its expected actions, and any untoward reactions to be reported. In the affective domain, a change in attitude or value is observed as a change in behavior. Thus the fact that a patient loses the desired amount of weight in a specific period of time while following a special diet is evidence that the diet is valued and therefore has been followed. In the psychomotor domain a goal could be that the patient is able to take and record his or her own blood pressure accurately each day.

The overall purposes of assessing and implementing plans for correction of a knowledge deficit are to assist the patient and family members (1) to promote their own health and that of family members, (2) to maintain current health status and improve it as much as possible according to each person's capabilities, and (3) to improve to the fullest one's self-care abilities.
References in periodicals archive ?
Skills Required: Knowledgeable in Customer Service, Sales, Leadership, Management, Marketing
The teachers prioritized competent, confident, clear, qualified, knowledgeable, communicative, approachable, dedicated, punctual and organized.
"Numerous studies show that more financially knowledgeable people accumulate more retirement wealth," they point out, including that they are more likely to plan and save, and that they are "more aware of, and manage better, the fees and charges associated with financial products." However, "little is known about whether more financially knowledgeable people also earn higher returns" on their retirement savings.
2) "...the portfolios of the more financially knowledgeable are more volatile, particularly for the most knowledgeable ...
Three-quarters of physicians said they were "somewhat knowledgeable" about genetic science; 7% said they are "very knowledgeable," and 16% said they were "not knowledgeable."
Each episode the series will be jam-packed with play-along questions and fascinating facts designed to test even the most knowledgeable of gastronomic brains.
"If you give a correct response it doesn't necessarily mean you're knowledgeable" she said.
Outsourcing those particular tasks is a great way for many businesses to gain more time and focus on other areas of business while leaving the time-consuming filing and paperwork to knowledgeable experts with a proven track record.
Only 34% of families said their primary care physicians were "knowledgeable" about mental illness, whereas 17% said their physicians were "somewhat" knowledgeable.
Yet a new IES survey reveals that even professionals who design and specify lighting control systems claim to be only moderately knowledgeable about most control technologies.
Summary: Occupied Melilia - Eight people were arrested on Tuesday following violent clashes between dozens of young demonstrators and the Spanish security forces in the Moroccan Spanish-occupied city of Melilia, knowledgeable sources said.
The results suggest Washington's teachers are fairly knowledgeable about their pensions, though new entrants and mid-career teachers appear to be less knowledgeable than veteran teachers.

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