Zhong, "An improved X-band triaxial klystron
amplifier for gigawatt long-pulse high-power microwave generation," IEEE Electron Device Letters, vol.
, Traveling Wave Tubes, Magnetrons, Cross-Field Amplifiers, and Gyrotrons, Artech House, 2011.
Friedlander, "LSCEX3: A computer program for large signal analysis of klystrons
, twystrons, and traveling wave tubes with cavity circuits," Varian Associates Report, Dec.
Commercial electronic stabilization equipment was just being developed at the time and was too difficult to use for broad searches requiring several different klystrons
. Their solution was very simple.
Finally, it would be advisable to revise the TWT, klystron
and gyrotron approaches in order to implement a green equipment that, if not from the economical point of view, be an environmentally viable technology.
, Traveling Wave Tubes, Magnetrons, Crossed-Field Amplifiers, and Guyrotrons
His topics include thermionic cathodes, basic klystrons
and their operation, coupled-cavity traveling wave tubes, cross-field amplifiers, and breakdown and protection.
He then focuses on microwave vacuum electronics, explaining the physics and theory of the interaction of electron beams with electromagnetic fields in quasi-stationary systems such as diodes and klystrons
, systems with continuous interactions such as traveling wave tubes, backward magnetrons and crossed-field amplifiers, and systems based on stimulated radiation of classical electron oscillations.
e2v technologies has been selected to supply narrowband CW klystrons
for use in Cornell University's prototype energy-recovery linear accelerator (ERL), a new and advanced synchrotron radiation machine.
The oscillator-type magnetron could then be substituted by high-power klystrons
and traveling-wave tubes (TWTs).
In real radar systems, klystrons
produce tens or hundreds of kilowatts.
, invented at Stanford in 1937, are devices that generate microwaves for accelerating electrons.