kidney transplant


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

kidney transplant

The insertion of a donated kidney into the body and connection of its blood vessels to the host vessels and its ureter to the host bladder. The donated kidney is usually placed in the right side of the pelvis, alongside the bladder and connected to the ILIAC vessels. The results of kidney transplantation are excellent, with success in more than 80% of cases.

kidney

either of the two organs in the lumbar region that filter the blood, excreting the end-products of body metabolism in the form of urine, and regulating the concentrations of hydrogen, sodium, potassium, phosphate and other ions in the extracellular fluid. Bean-shaped in the dog, cat, sheep and laboratory animals, lobed in the ox and some fetal animals such as the horse; irregularly lobed in birds. See also renal.
Enlarge picture
Dog kidney. By permission from Sack W, Wensing CJG, Dyce KM, Textbook of Veterinary Anatomy, Saunders, 2002

artificial kidney
an extracorporeal device used as a substitute for nonfunctioning kidneys to remove endogenous metabolites from the blood, or as an emergency measure to remove exogenous poisons such as barbiturates. Called also hemodialyzer.
balloon kidney
meat hygiene term for cystic kidney.
basal lamina kidney
part of the filtration barrier of the kidney; is much thicker than most basal laminae.
cake kidney
a solid, irregularly lobed organ of bizarre shape, formed by fusion of the two renal anlagen. Called also lump kidney.
cicatricial kidney
a shriveled, irregular and scarred kidney due to suppurative pyelonephritis.
contracted kidney
an atrophic kidney that may be scarred and granular.
duplicate kidney
occurs in most species, without apparent increase in total renal mass.
enlarged kidney
may be due to polycystic kidney disease, hydronephrosis, pyelonephritis or congenital absence of one kidney resulting in hypertrophy of the other.
fatty kidney
one affected with fatty degeneration.
floating kidney
one that is freely movable, especially a human kidney (normally more firmly fixed than those in quadrupeds); called also hypermobile kidney. See also nephroptosis.
Enlarge picture
Bovine kidney. By permission from Sack W, Wensing CJG, Dyce KM, Textbook of Veterinary Anatomy, Saunders, 2002
fused kidney
a single anomalous organ developed as a result of fusion of the renal anlagen.
giant kidney worm
Goldblatt kidney
one with obstruction of its blood flow, resulting in renal hypertension. Produced experimentally in dogs.
horseshoe kidney
an anomalous organ resulting from fusion of the corresponding poles of the renal anlagen.
hypermobile kidney
one that is freely movable; called also floating kidney. See also nephroptosis.
lump kidney
cake kidney.
kidney meridian points
acupuncture points on the kidney meridian.
pelvic kidney
a kidney which has failed to ascend from its primordial site to the roof of the abdomen.
polycystic kidney disease
the most common congenital renal defect but most cases are sporadic and do not cause clinical illness because there is still sufficient renal mass to avoid uremia. In some cases the enlarged kidney is detected incidentally during a clinical examination. Rarely both kidneys are badly involved and the animal is dead at birth or dies soon afterwards. In some cases, there are signs of progressive renal failure, perhaps not until later in life. The defect is inherited in Persian cats, Cairn terriers and pigs. In Cairn terriers, cysts may also occur in the liver. See also feline perirenal cysts.
pulpy kidney disease
see Clostridium perfringensenterotoxemia.
kidney scan
radioimaging of a kidney by the use of a rectilinear scanner after the intravenous administration of a radiopaque material.
kidney stones
supernumerary kidney
additional kidneys which develop as a consequence of two ureteric buds arising from one mesonephric duct so that two kidneys develop on the one side.
kidney transplant
commonly and successfully performed in experimental dogs. Increasingly used as a therapeutic procedure in clinical veterinary medicine for renal failure in cats and dogs.
turkey egg kidney
a speckled pattern caused by hemorrhagic glomeruli in diseases such as porcine erysipelas.
wandering kidney
floating or hypermobile kidney. See also nephroptosis.
waxy kidney
amyloid kidney.
white-spotted kidney
focal nonsuppurative interstitial nephritis, seen most commonly in calves.
References in periodicals archive ?
The company stated it is seeking a new de novo indication for ENVARSUS XR (tacrolimus extended-release tablets) for the prophylaxis of organ rejection in kidney transplant patients in combination with other immunosuppressants.
While another user wondered whether a kidney transplant was possible in the country, he questioned if whether it would be done on the right patient after an incident where doctors at KHN conducted a brain surgery on the wrong patient.
We are putting up a programme that will see local Kenyan doctors trained on kidney transplant," said Dr Rajesh.
2 the rate of kidney transplants in Spain per million population (pmp), which is the highest rate in the world pmp, according to the World Registry of Transplants managed by the ONT.
We're starting to see more episodes of polyomavirus infection causing kidney failure in kidney transplant recipients," Dr.
The shortage of organs means there are more live organ donations ( about one in five kidney transplants.
He underwent a live donor kidney transplant on Tuesday after ten years of dealing with a debilitating kidney disorder, said his doctor John Mayhew.
Is there any problem being on the kidney transplant list if one has colon cancer?
In Scotland, almost 500 people are waiting to have a kidney transplant.
This form of skin cancer also occurred in 3% of kidney transplant recipients.
The drug, known as Zenapax(R) (Daclizumab), is the first genetically engineered drug to reduce the risk of organ rejection in kidney transplant patients, without increasing overall serious side effects.
The number of people waiting for kidney transplants continues to increase each year while the number of cadaver donors has remained virtually stable," notes Jeffrey Lowell, a transplant surgeon and the study's lead investigator.