kidney failure


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to kidney failure: dialysis

failure

 [fāl´yer]
inability to perform or to function properly.
adult failure to thrive a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as a progressive functional deterioration of a physical and cognitive nature. The individual's ability to live with multisystem diseases, cope with ensuing problems, and manage his/her care are remarkably diminished.
bone marrow failure failure of the hematopoietic function of the bone marrow; see also bone marrow suppression.
congestive heart failure see congestive heart failure.
heart failure see heart failure.
kidney failure renal failure.
multiple organ failure failure of two or more organ systems in a critically ill patient; see also multiple organ failure.
renal failure see renal failure.
respiratory failure see respiratory failure.
failure to thrive (failure to thrive syndrome) physical and developmental retardation in infants and small children. The syndrome can be seen in children with a physical illness, but the term is most often taken to mean failure to thrive due to psychosocial effects such as maternal deprivation. The syndrome was first noticed when European psychiatrists studied the development of babies who had spent the first five years of their lives in institutions where they were deprived of the emotional warmth of a mother, father, or other primary caregiver.

Characteristics of the failure to thrive syndrome include lack of physical growth (for example, weight and height below the third percentile for age) and below normal achievement in fine and gross motor, social-adaptive, and language skills as assessed by psychometric testing using a tool such as the Denver Developmental Screening Test. Additionally, the child with this syndrome displays withdrawing behavior, avoidance of eye contact, and stiffness or flaccid posture when held. These children often have a history of irritability, feeding problems, and disturbed sleep patterns.

Parents of infants with failure to thrive syndrome typically display feelings of concern and inadequacy. The infant who is feeding poorly and is irritable may elicit a response in the caregiver that reflects tension and frustration. The need for comfort and nurturing by the infant may not be met, and this may lead to a cycle that exacerbates feeding problems.

Intervention encompasses identification of infants and mothers at risk for the syndrome and care of both mother or primary caregiver and infant. The major goals are to encourage the mother to express her feelings without fear of rejection, to model the role of mother and teach her nurturing behaviors, and to promote her self-esteem and confidence. Important nursing goals in the care of the infant include providing optimal nutrition, comfort, and rest; meeting the infant's psychosocial needs; and supplying emotional nurturance and sensory stimulation appropriate to the assessed developmental level.
ventilatory failure respiratory failure.

kidney failure

Any of a number of conditions–eg, diabetic nephropathy, ESRD, lupus nephritis, characterized by ↓ renal function Management Dialysis; success is monitored by URR and Kt/V. See Acute renal failure, Chronic renal failure, End-stage renal disease.

re·nal fail·ure

(rē'năl fāl'yŭr)
Impairment of renal function, either acute or chronic, with retention of urea, creatinine, and other waste products.
Synonym(s): kidney failure.

kidney failure

The stage in kidney disease in which neither organ is capable of excreting body waste products fast enough to prevent their accumulation in the blood. Kidney failure is inevitably fatal unless the affected person is treated by DIALYSIS or has a kidney transplant.

Kidney failure

The inability of the kidney to excrete toxic substances from the body.
Mentioned in: Nephrotic Syndrome

re·nal fail·ure

(rē'năl fāl'yŭr)
Impairment of renal function, either acute or chronic, with retention of urea, creatinine, and other waste products.
Synonym(s): kidney failure.
References in periodicals archive ?
This will enable us to address the health-care needs arising from the increasing number of Filipinos with chronic kidney failure, as shown in the PRDR data,' said Mabel Callera, GM for provider's business, Fresenius Medical Care Phils.
Their risk of kidney failure or death from kidney failure was reduced by 34 per cent, and the risk of hospitalisation for heart failure or death due to cardiac causes decreased by 31 per cent.
Writing on a GoFundMe page, family friend Sarah Egan said: "Yesterday we received the devastating news that Harper is suffering from stage five kidney failure, this is a direct result of HUS.
Diabetes and high-blood pressure are the two leading causes of kidney failure. A person with uncontrolled diabetes for 5 to 10 years may develop significant kidney damage.
Not all dogs with Alabama Rot develop kidney failure but it's vital to monitor suspected cases closely so we can spot and treat the signs early to give pets the best chance of survival."
KCP applauds federal lawmakers for their recent passage of the Bipartisan Budget Act, which will improve and expand Medicare coverage for individuals living with kidney failure. To continue forward momentum, KCP members encourage lawmakers to further their commitment to Americans living with kidney disease by supporting the "Chronic Kidney Disease Improvement in Research and Treatment Act" (H.R.
This type of kidney failure can occur suddenly within 48 hours but is not always permanent.
Based on data on more than 1.9 million children and adults with kidney failure, researchers calculated that excess risk of death decreased by 12 percent for people ages 65 and older and by 27 percent for those ages 14 and younger.
Bilbo, also known as Mr B, was put to sleep on January 23 after a sore on his paw led to kidney failure. His owners Rachel Ogden and her wife Nikki Paterson are devastated.
The Salmaniya Medical Complex (SMC) Youssef Khalil Almoayyed Nephrology and Renal Transplant Centre organised the event under the theme "Kidney Failure ...
Still, once your feline family member goes over that mark, kidney failure is already upon him.
"Up to 130 patients with kidney failure are visiting the section every month."