ketosis


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Related to ketosis: ketoacidosis

ke·to·sis

(kē-tō'sis),
A condition characterized by the enhanced production of ketone bodies, as in diabetes mellitus or starvation.
[ketone + -osis, condition]

ketosis

(kē-tō′sĭs)
n. pl. keto·ses (-sēz)
A pathological increase in the production of ketone bodies.

ke·tot′ic (-tŏt′ĭk) adj.

Acetonaemia

The presence of an excess of acetone in the blood, which occurs in ketoacidosis due to alcohol abuse, uncontrolled diabetes (ketoacidosis), starvation and prolonged fasting.

ketosis

An abnormal ↑ in serum concentration of ketone bodies that does not produce acidosis. Cf Ketoacidosis.

ke·to·sis

(kē-tō'sis)
Enhanced production of ketone bodies, as in diabetes mellitus or starvation.
[ketone + -osis, condition]

ketosis

The presence of abnormally high levels of KETONES in the blood. These are produced when fats are used as fuel in the absence of carbohydrate or available protein as in DIABETES or starvation. Ketosis is dangerous because high levels make the blood abnormally acid and there is loss of water, sodium and potassium and a major biochemical upset with nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, confusion, and, if the condition is not rapidly treated, coma and death. Mild ketosis also occurs in cases of excessive morning sickness in pregnancy.

ke·to·sis

(kē-tō'sis)
Condition characterized by enhanced production of ketone bodies, as in diabetes mellitus or starvation.
[ketone + -osis, condition]
References in periodicals archive ?
The present work tested a double administration of a Drench solution 24 h after calving in order to check its potential use for preventing ketosis in high-yielding dairy cows from southern Brazil.
The farms were visited monthly and urine samples were taken from cows at risk of developing ketosis: from about 30 days prepartum to 90 days postpartum, a total of 2831 urine samples were taken.
It has been reported that after discontinuation of the insulin treatment, hyperglycemia and ketosis are frequently observed in patients treated with diet alone, whereas the remission period is prolonged in patients on sulfonylurea or metformin treatment, and metformin and sulfonylurea are effective in preventing relapses (4,10,18,19).
Individual adjustments are made to maintain 80-160 mmol urinary ketosis and to avoid significant weight gain or loss.
The first obvious symptom of ketosis is that the breath smells sickly.
While ketosis may guard the brain in times of starvation, Richard L.
However, in many cases seizure threshold does not appear to change until more than a week after ketosis develops.
The Zone diet, which allows for a balance of protein and carbohydrates to hold insulin in check, avoid ketosis, reduce inflammation (which is a factor in degenerative disease, cardiac disease and cancer), prevent dysglycemia due to insulin resistance and help attain the AA:EPA (Arachidonic Acid: Eicosapentaenoic Acid) ratio of the healthiest individuals on earth--Okinawa Japanese.
On the other hand, metabolic decompensation, such as lactic acidosis, ketosis, or liver failure, gives rise to an abnormal excretion of organic acids ([alpha]-keto branched, dicarboxylic, or aromatic acids, respectively) that are otherwise involved in particular IEM; this sometimes renders interpretation even more difficult.
One of those, located on chromosome 27, is associated with "dairy form." This trait describes a cow's physical appearance, and may also be an indicator of ketosis, a metabolic disorder that typically affects cows with newborn calves.
The Ketogenic Diet was developed in the 1920s as a treatment for intractable seizures.[1] This high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet simulates the biochemical changes that occur during starvation.[2] The diet, like starvation, induces a state of ketosis that appears to provide seizure control.