ketonuria


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ketoaciduria

 [ke″to-as″ĭ-du´re-ah]
the presence of ketone bodies in the urine; this condition is common in uncontrolled diabetes mellitus but can also occur anytime the body begins to break down fatty tissue to provide energy, as in starvation. Called also ketonuria.
branched-chain ketoaciduria maple syrup urine disease.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ke·to·nu·ri·a

(kē'tō-nyū'rē-ă),
Enhanced urinary excretion of ketone bodies.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

ketonuria

(kē′tə-no͝or′ē-ə)
n.
The presence of ketone bodies in the urine, occurring as a result of increased metabolism of fats rather than carbohydrates.

ke′to·nu′ric adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

ke·to·nu·ri·a

(kē'tō-nyūr'ē-ă)
Enhanced urinary excretion of ketone bodies.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

ketonuria

The presence of the ketone bodies acetone, aceto-acetic acid or beta-hydroxybutyric acid in the urine, usually in cases of untreated DIABETES.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Ketonuria

The presence of large amount of ketones in the urine. These byproducts of inadequate breakdown of nutrients indicate that the body is in starvation.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

ke·to·nu·ri·a

(kē'tō-nyūr'ē-ă)
Enhanced urinary excretion of ketone bodies.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
It is associated with glycosuria, ketonuria, and ketonaemia.12 DKA is generally categorised by the severity of the acidosis; which varies from mild (venous pH 7.30, serum bicarbonate 15 mmol/l), to moderate (pH 7.2, bicarbonate 10mmol/l), to severe (pH 7.1, bicarbonate 5mmol/l).
Most consistent signs are depression, extreme anorexia, and ketonuria. It may also be associated with vague central nervous system signs including star gazing, somnolence, coma and recumbency and death.
Ketonuria (3-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate) is often accompanied by 3-hydroxyisobutyrate, 3-hydroxyisovalerate, 2-hydroxybutyrate, and dicarboxylic acids, particularly their 3-hydroxy derivatives with chain lengths up to C14.
This was the cause of glycosuria and ketonuria followed by osmotic dieresis and then polydipsia and polyurea (Dixon and Sunford, 1961).
In this study, HG was defined according to the following criteria: (a) persistent nausea and vomiting; (b) weight loss (>2 kg); and (c) ketonuria (>2+, urine dipstick).
Routine urine examination revealed glucosuria (+++), proteinuria (++) and ketonuria (trace).
1600 San Francisco, CA 94103 (800) 934-2873 (info line) (415) 284-0208 (415) 284-0209 (fax) www.braintumor.org ??nbt@braintumor.org 1,2,3,4,6,8 BRANCHED CHAIN KETONURIA See: Maple Syrup Urine Disease BRANCHER DEFICIENCY See: Glycogen Storage Diseases BRANCHIO-OTO-RENAL SYNDROME See: Craniofacial Disorders; Hearing Impairments; Kidney Disorders BRITTLE BONE DISEASE See: Osteogenesis Imperfecta BROAD THUMB-HALLUX SYNDROME See: Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome BURKE SYNDROME See: Shwachman Syndrome BURNS Phoenix Society for Burn Survivors 33 Main St., Ste.
The presence or absence of ketonuria associated with metabolic acidosis is the major clinical key to the diagnosis; when metabolic acidosis occurs with an anion gap within reference values and without hyperlacticacidemia or hypoglycemia, pyroglutamic aciduria is rarely diagnosed (1 case in 3 years from 1000 children) (6), and it may show early in life with constant, isolated metabolic acidosis.
Reinforcement of positive behaviour should be done using symptoms (internal cues) and abnormal laboratory reports (eg HbA1c ketonuria deranged renal function tests) to hasten insulin acceptance.
Moreover, we found glycosuria in 24 of 33 patients and ketonuria in 5 of 33 patients, and we observed poor metabolic control more frequently in women than in men.
For the purpose of the study, T1D was defined as symptoms like polyuria, polydipsia, unexplained weight-loss with glucosuria or ketonuria plus random plasma glucose of greater than 200mg/dl or fasting plasma glucose of greater than 126 mg/dl or 2-hour plasma glucose during an oral glucose tolerance test (GTT) of greater than 200mg/dl.11
Younger, thinner children with classic remote symptoms, weight loss and ketonuria, without a family history of diabetes, are more likely to have type1 diabetes.