The increase in the number of patients who visit to the hospital only due to hyperglycaemia without acidosis and ketonemia
and are diagnosed with diabetes implies that patients with type 1 diabetes are now diagnosed with diabetes in the emergency service much earlier.
test was requested and the result was positive.
The impact of ketonemia
on the CNS excitability has been documented.
and seizures: metabolic and anticonvulsant effects of two ketogenic diets in childhood epilepsy," Pediatric Research, vol.
After fasting in pregnancy ketonemia
, increased urinary nitrogen excretion and decreased gluconeogenic amino acid production were reported, and due to physiological increases of insulin resistance in pregnancy, higher risk of ketonemia
and ketonuria was suspected .
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which is an acute complication of type 1 diabetes, is characterized by hyperglycemia, metabolic acidosis, and ketonemia
. Diabetic ketoacidosis develops as a result of insulin deficiency and increased epinephrine, glucagon, cortisol, and growth hormone.
Evalution of an Electrochemicial Sensor for Measuring Blood Ketonemia
. Diabetes Care 2000; 23: 500-3.
The patients who had a plasma glucose level of >200 mg/dL and ketonemia
or ketonuria but had pH>7.30 in venous blood and blood bicarbonate level >15 mEq/L were diagnosed as DK.
Initial finger-stick found glucose to be above range of detection and ketonemia
above 8 mmol/L.
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia, glycosuria, hyperlipidemia, negative nitrogen balance, and ketonemia
. Insulin resistance refers to suboptimal response of body tissues, especially, liver, skeletal muscle, and fat to physiological amounts of insulin, and it is the integral part of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) advanced age, obesity, and sedentary lifestyle promoting insulin resistance.
and ketonuria) is a metabolic disorder in dairy animals caused by impaired metabolism of carbohydrate and volatile fatty acids leading to excessive production of ketone bodies: Acetoacetic acid, beta-hydroxybutyric acid and their decarboxylation products such as acetone and isopropanol (Radostits et al., 2000).
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) was defined as a pH greater than 7.3, ketonuria or ketonemia
, and bicarbonate levels greater than 15mmol/L.