ketamine


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

ketamine

 [ke´tah-mēn]
a nonbarbiturate anesthetic related to phencyclidine, administered intravenously or intramuscularly to produce dissociative anesthesia. Approximately 12 per cent of patients experience emergence reactions, which can include frightening hallucinations and dreams.

ket·a·mine

(kēt'ă-mēn),
A parenterally administered anesthetic that produces catatonia, profound analgesia, increased sympathetic activity, and little relaxation of skeletal muscles; side effects include sialorrhea and occasional pronounced dysphoria, especially in adults; chemically related to phencyclidine (PCP), it can produce hallucinations.

ketamine

(kē′tə-mēn′)
n.
A general anesthetic given intravenously or intramuscularly, used especially for minor surgical procedures in which muscle relaxation is not required, and used illegally as a recreational drug.
A surgical anaesthetic withdrawn from the market due to disorientation and violent behaviour that occurred when patients regained consciousness; on the club scene, ketamine is in liquid form or a white powder snorted or smoked with marijuana or tobacco products
Pharmacologic effects Dissociative anaesthesia, CNS stimulant, hallucinations, visual distortion, a loss of senses, sense of time, and identity for 30 minutes to 2 hours, delirium, amnesia, impaired motor function, hypertension, depression, recurrent flashbacks, potentially fatal respiratory problems

ketamine

Substance abuse A surgical anesthetic withdrawn from the market due to disorientation and violent behavior that occurred when Pts regained consciousness; on the club scene, ketamine is in liquid form or a white powder snorted or smoked with marijuana or tobacco products Pharmacologic effects Dissociative anesthesia, CNS stimulant, hallucinations. visual distortion, a loss of senses, sense of time, and orientation for 30 mins to 2 hr, delirium, amnesia, impaired motor function, HTN, depression, recurrent flashbacks, potentially fatal respiratory problems

ketamine

A drug used to produce insensitivity to pain, mental and emotional dissociation and lack of awareness so that surgical procedures can be carried out on a conscious patient. It is related to PHENCYCLIDINE. The drug is on the WHO official list.A brand name is Ketalar.

ket·a·mine

(kēt'ă-mēn)
A parenterally administered anesthetic that produces catatonia, profound analgesia, increased sympathetic activity, and little relaxation of skeletal muscles; side-effects include sialorrhea and occasional pronounced dysphoria.
References in periodicals archive ?
In April, Lai traveled to Malaysia to learn how to manufacture ketamine, before returning to Taiwan via Cambodia, the bureau said.
Food and Drug Administration approved ketamine as a nasal spray to treat depression.
She found that cessation of suicidal thoughts required an average dose of 0.75 mg/kg IV ketamine, which is higher than the 0.5 mg/kg used by many ketamine infusion programs in the United States.
A systematic review and meta-analysis supported that ketamine, oxybutynin, and some anti-cholinergic drugs were useful in preventing CRBD.
The drug is designed to be lower-dose and easier to use than ketamine, which is normally given as an intravenous infusion.
In conjunction, the US FDA recommends that patients try two traditional antidepressants before their depression can be classified as 'treatment resistant.' A patient may require 10-12 ketamine treatments a year, revealed the centre.
Grunebaum et al (3) evaluated the acute effect of adjunctive subanesthetic IV ketamine on clinically significant suicidal ideation in patients with MDD, with a comparison arm that received an infusion of midazolam.
One prolonged desaturation (>30 seconds) event occurred during an ovarian cystectomy due to rapid administration of ketamine at induction.
Ketamine and midazolam delivered by patient-controlled analgesia in relieving pain associated with burns dressings.
It only is fairly recently that ketamine became popular as a drug for battling such troubling mental-health conditions as PTSD and depression.
Conclusion: Administration of ketamine 0.25ug/kg five minutes before propofol injection is a safe and effective method in preventing propofol injection pain.
Xylazine, Ketamine, Diazepam, Ducks, Analgesic, Sedatives.