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a nonbarbiturate anesthetic related to phencyclidine, administered intravenously or intramuscularly to produce dissociative anesthesia. Approximately 12 per cent of patients experience emergence reactions, which can include frightening hallucinations and dreams.
A parenterally administered anesthetic that produces catatonia, profound analgesia, increased sympathetic activity, and little relaxation of skeletal muscles; side effects include sialorrhea and occasional pronounced dysphoria, especially in adults; chemically related to phencyclidine (PCP), it can produce hallucinations.
ketamine/keta·mine/ (ke´tah-mēn) a rapid-acting general anesthetic, used as the hydrochloride salt.
A general anesthetic given intravenously or intramuscularly, used especially for minor surgical procedures in which muscle relaxation is not required, and used illegally as a recreational drug.
Pharmacologic effects Dissociative anaesthesia, CNS stimulant, hallucinations, visual distortion, a loss of senses, sense of time, and identity for 30 minutes to 2 hours, delirium, amnesia, impaired motor function, hypertension, depression, recurrent flashbacks, potentially fatal respiratory problems
ketamineSubstance abuse A surgical anesthetic withdrawn from the market due to disorientation and violent behavior that occurred when Pts regained consciousness; on the club scene, ketamine is in liquid form or a white powder snorted or smoked with marijuana or tobacco products Pharmacologic effects Dissociative anesthesia, CNS stimulant, hallucinations. visual distortion, a loss of senses, sense of time, and orientation for 30 mins to 2 hr, delirium, amnesia, impaired motor function, HTN, depression, recurrent flashbacks, potentially fatal respiratory problems
ketamineA drug used to produce insensitivity to pain, mental and emotional dissociation and lack of awareness so that surgical procedures can be carried out on a conscious patient. It is related to PHENCYCLIDINE. The drug is on the WHO official list.A brand name is Ketalar.
A parenterally administered anesthetic that produces catatonia, profound analgesia, increased sympathetic activity, and little relaxation of skeletal muscles; side-effects include sialorrhea and occasional pronounced dysphoria.